TODAY -

Regarding article on Aimol by Manindra Konsam : Correction required

Lunghipreng Aimol *

Aimol Dance performed at Cultural Exchange programme of Chandel District at Aimol Khullen Village :: December 16 2014
Aimol Dance performed at Aimol Khullen Village in December 2014 :: Pix - Daniel Chabungbam



As per articles given by Manindra Konsam from Sanathong

I would requested to kindly correct the articles with special concern with the Aimols Leaders, there are a lot of faulty statement and spelling mistake, which may create a problem and interest of the Aimols people. Some version has been corrected but still then he need to be careful.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE



AIMOL

The Aimols, one of the Scheduled tribes of the Indian Union inhabits three (3) districts in Manipur.

According to the estimation of the Aimol Tribe Union in 1995, their population was about 3,300 but the 1981 census indicated their population as being 1862. They are mainly concentrated in the Chandel district of the state and occupy foothill areas bordering the valley in the southeastern part. The villages wherein the Aimols are mostly distributed in the state of Manipur are Unapal, Satu, Kumbirei, Chingnunghut, Aimol Tampak, Khodamphai, Ngairong Aimol, Chandonpokpi, Soibong (Khudengthabi) at the Chandel District and Kha-Aimol, Luichulbum village at the Churachandpur district.

The distribution pattern will certainly show that the tribe does not occupy a well-defined territory and that they have shifted their settlement sites from place to place in the past. The ethnic affinity of the Aimol has been placed amidst moat of the neighboring tribes of Southern part of Manipur bordering Burma and the LushaiThe Aimols prefer to live independent of any affiliation and prefer to maintain a distinctive identity of their own. Embracing all their villages they formed in 1991, the Aimol Tribe Union, Manipur for promotion of Solidarity and safeguarding of its identity.

Etymologically the name Aimol corresponds to a past habit of the people and the word is derived from a word, which means 'roots'. 'Ai' is a flower, which is found in wild abundance on the spur of hill 'Mol'. This place is said to be somewhere in the present Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram. The oral tradition (unwritten history) traced the Aimol ethno genesis to an uncertain cave from which the people had been believed to have emerged from under the Earth. As they came out of the cave, a tiger blocked their way despite many attempts. Two clever persons PuKorthangpu and Korthangpi weaved a cloth named Laijtang having the same color as the tiger.

Taking help of appearance of the woven cloth, PuKorthangpu convinced the tiger that they were of the same ki! nd and proposed friendship. The Tiger did not eat him. The Tiger was then killed with spear while it was tamed. From there, passing many places of Tripura.The Aimols people cross the Tuivai river, which was under Assam state, before the statehood of Mizoram and then they went to Burma where the advancement was checked by Kabaow Shans. According to Shakespear, the marked the appearance of the Aimol in Manipur during 1723. Concerning the dress and ornaments, the Aimols mention Shekili, Hulike Chu, Laijiak, Punthal, Shorte, Panchai, Shuihboh, Puante, Puandum as males' while that of the females are Khamtang, Kuwapaam, Shenchil, Aitang, Reinuam, Khongkhihmor and Saipikhup.

The traditional house of the Aimol people reveals much similarity in the general look with those of the Meiteis, living in their close proximity. It is a rectangular box type with slanting crest roof. The length-breath ratio is roughly 1:3 or 1:5. The number of compartments would be either 3 or 5 in number. The houses are basically made of wood, bamboo and mud and roofing material used being thatch. Around the dwelling house, one will notice satellite sheds generally used as granary storehouse, cattle shed, and pig stall. The direction of houses is always towards the east, facing the rising sun. Now, the modern Aimol would prefer using modern factory products as house building materials. The Aimol families are largely small to medium in size. The families are by composition of nuclear type comprising of parents and children.

Men marry commonly in age group of 22-35 while girls mostly marry between 20-25 years of age. Most of the literate person have studied upto MA/MSC. Their main occupation is agriculture and allied activities including domestication of cattle, pig and fowl. Cultivation of paddy is carried out by both sexes. Weaving and livestock rearing gives a good income to the family. The Aimols show maximum number of monocephalic in both sexes, medium nose with upward septum, high bridge of medium texture, dark brown skin. In case of eye fold, the highest percentage is found at internal fold in both sexes.

In these patriarchal and patronymic feature society, monogamy is common form of marriage. However, Matriforal families could also be found. After marriage the young couple live at the residence of the parents of the boy. The tribe is divided into 5 clans which are further sub-divided into sub-clans.

The clans are:
1. Laita (3 sub-clans)
2. Lanu (4 sub-clans)
3. Chongom (with 3 sub-clans)
4. Chaithu (no sub-clan) and
5. Songthu (no sub-clan).

The Aimol clans possess totems of their own which is associated to their ancestry. They are regarded and prayed as the gods of the clans. A goat or a hen is sacrificed at the time of worship. The clans are exogamous and so also the sub clans. That is, a person should find his or her spouse in other clans or sub-clans than his or her clan.

However, nowadays, intermarriage among sub-clans of a clan is becoming frequent with or even without a fine. The indigenous mode of political organization of a village centers around the council known as Pasakaret subordinated by another association. Pasakaret consists of eight councilors of which the head is Kamsakoi. The subordinate council i.e. Thoukannai also consist of the same number of post. Except the Kamsakoi is the hereditary post.

For other posts, recruitment is on the line of promotion. Recently, village authorities, after effecting the village authority (in Hill areas) Act 1956, have been empowered to settle minor cases. Trial is conducted after lodging a complaint with a fee. It was one 'bel' of 'yu' in the past times which has been substituted by a sum of Rupees 1 (one). Punishment is given by the court and may include imposition of fine, confiscation of belongings and ex-communication.

For bringing forth justice they employ oath and ordeal. The Aimols of present generation have adopted Christianity as their religion. It was introduced to them some seventy (70) years ago. Prior to this new religion, they were animistic and believed in many deities and ! spirits. ! They believed in the existence of the village deity (Kho-Pathien) and the house deity (In-Pathian). They worshipped Sailing and Bonglei, protector of village; Chahou, Pathian of agriculture and paddy; Miso for prosperity and peace.

Arkun Pathian ot the goddess of Human fertility is worshipped particularly by pregnant women. To wand off diseases and for curing illness, Randoi and Song Kot are worshipped with rites. Likewise, success or failure in war and hunting is ascribed to the action of Chuwan Pathian.

Some corrected version

o The Aimols are not under KUKI nor old kuki they have a unique identification and custom & tradition
o It is not Chongthu but it is Songthu.
o And it is not Tamsakoi but it is Kamsakoi
o And there is nothing like Kamsakoi post will be lead by Chongom only, it depend on the villager chosen according to the Elders
o The common deity was call Kanbol during olden days ..


Please co-ordinate and update its accordingly


* Lunghipreng Aimol wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at lunghipreng(aT)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on April 26, 2015.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Kanglei Thokpa @ Sagol Kangjei : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #3: Gallery
  • Meitei Professors' Invention granted Patent
  • Historic Premiere: 'Chilli Chicken' at Manipur
  • Effective Unified Command for Resolution
  • Music & Quiz: Drug Abuse amongst youth
  • Visionless and headless DMU
  • When is the right time & situation for PM visit
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #37: Download
  • Inspirations from Scientists of Manipur: Book
  • Manipur crisis: Treat the disease, not symptom
  • 133rd Durand Cup Trophies Flags Off
  • NEET droppers vs freshers
  • Death : Only future to look at ?
  • Mental health of displaced people
  • Aftermath of Imphal Flooding #1 : Gallery
  • When was the last time we smiled ?
  • Appeal to Stop Unbearable Monetary Demand
  • 'Oppenheimer' links with Supreme Science
  • 'Preventing from holding a press conference'
  • Travel tips during Monsoon
  • Look at it via ground reality
  • Making the 'Balak Buddhi' wiser
  • Kang Chingba @Govindajee #1 : Gallery
  • Release Ebo Mili & Stop large dams in ArP
  • Rainforests are the lungs of Earth
  • Education suffering from political interference
  • Inflated bill main vote plank, law dont cut graft
  • From the Lok Sabha to Manipur
  • Third visit of Rahul
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #9
  • International Day of Yoga #1 : Gallery
  • Lord Jagannatha's processional chariot fest
  • World Zoonoses Day 2024
  • PM 'bola' in Parliament
  • Acknowledging the stand of UNC
  • Embracing tree plantation as a new trend
  • 17th N Tombi Equestrian C'ships #2 : Gallery
  • The spirit & the creed of the Olympics
  • Kang Chingba (Rath Yatra) : Book
  • 'Economic blockade: Rumors baseless'
  • The Power of Poppy - 38 :: Poem
  • Balancing children's academic performance
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #2 : Gallery
  • Covid, Ngari, Yu and Loktak
  • Rural people struggling with network problem
  • English certificate courses for BA student
  • 6th July is International Day of Cooperatives
  • Clogging the waterways with plastics
  • Diverting public attention from core issues
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #2 : Gallery
  • Gateway of Assam
  • Integrating GIS & EWS for flood management
  • The Dopamine overdose
  • Free workshop on civil service exams
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the silence
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #1 : Gallery
  • Embracing 'Sharra - Kashar-ot'
  • Drug abuse & illicit trafficking in Manipur
  • Nudity being served to increase followers
  • Record high temperature
  • Bangladesh FM Hasan Mahmud's Riyadh visit
  • Indigenous call for NRC
  • Come home to the electorates
  • Meiteis must unite for survival
  • Flood advisories issued
  • State & District Control Rooms
  • Green Hydrogen for a clean environment
  • Need for an Emergency
  • Monsoons beauty
  • Calling out the indifference of Delhi
  • Questioning the silence with a roar
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #8
  • Problem & prospect of floriculture in Manipur
  • WomenLeaders India Fellowship 2024-25
  • Naga Peace Talks and Narasimha Rao
  • Arunachal Minister visits Oil Palm @Godavari
  • Clear cut stand from the Nagas
  • Crisis resolution in 100-day plan ?
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur: A battleground of imperial geopolitics
  • Wangkhem Suresh @ Higher Defence Course
  • Shoppers Stop's 1st Store in Dimapur
  • Stop razing rail station, divert 25k Cr to Signal
  • Has Imphal completely lost the plot ?
  • Time to take responsibility
  • Tarpon chaklen katpa @ Andro #3 : Gallery
  • July Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Letter to Prime Minister of India
  • International Day of Parliamentarism
  • Skill Development Course at Lumshnong
  • The Power of Poppy - 37 :: Poem
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #1 : Gallery
  • Multiple Openings @ JCRE Solutions
  • Our mass addiction to predicting future
  • Bonsai - A play with another aspect : Review
  • Timely diagnosis to stop misuse of medicines
  • Impactful tool- Instagram marketing strategy
  • Essence of the June 28 rally
  • Birds of the same feather
  • Scientist of Manipur: Satyendra Thoudam
  • Education and the fate of Manipur
  • Centre not mind talking to Kitovi or Alezo
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Nambol
  • Why Bangladesh urge military diplomacy
  • MoU : Assam Don Bosco Univ with Cambridge
  • Understanding beyond the coup
  • Donning the role of LoP
  • Rally @ Jiribam [June 26] : Gallery
  • Umananda Island- World smallest river island
  • Breaking the impasse
  • Fantasies of a sinister childhood
  • Program: developing women entrepreneurship
  • Microlearning is impacting talent acquisition
  • Looking for the way forward
  • The message
  • Moirangthem Robi - Mr Universe India 2022
  • Parthenium Menace in Indo-Myanmar : Book
  • Respect & recognise domestic worker
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • One test not for India
  • Include tomatoes in your skincare routine
  • Raising ST call a notch or two higher
  • United in grief, but...
  • Panthoibi Phijol Hongba @Mandalay : Gallery
  • Open Letter to Hon'ble CM of Manipur
  • Slavery in the machine world
  • 'Either Rio regime delivers or it fails'
  • No need for NEET or NET
  • Walkathon to promote health at Guwahati
  • Paradox of arming & disarming citizens
  • Meaningless statements
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #7
  • You are king of web, then slave
  • A Groundbreaking HIV Prevention Option
  • Board of Studies at Assam Don Bosco
  • Public Services as a career choice
  • Manipur violence and state
  • Last minute cancellation
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #36: Download
  • Saraighat Bridge - An Expedition
  • Meeting with MP Dr Bimol Akoijam
  • Manipur: 11 medal (5 gold) @ Natl Taekwondo
  • Socialization and the Two "Meads"
  • The Power of Poppy - 36 :: Poem
  • Scientist of Manipur: Raghumani Ningthoujam
  • Chilli Chicken Delivers a Flavorful Punch
  • International Day of Yoga 2024
  • Antimicrobial Resistance: Top 10 health threat
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • Taste vs Health
  • Fiasco of UGC-NET, NEET 2024
  • From NEET to NET: It's time to fix NTA
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Ema Panthoibi Phijol Hongba at Mandalay
  • Proposed Palm Plantation behind Jiri violence?
  • 'Why Impose War on Us'
  • Why workers most affected by scorching heat?
  • Coup of 2021 not the only push factor
  • Last chance not to fall from grace
  • Ibudhou Cheng Hongba #1 : Gallery
  • Kind attention 'Your Lordship' CJ of India
  • 'Opposition-less Govt in Nagaland is rhetoric'
  • Xorai - Assam's cultural symbol
  • Natural ways to lighten dark underarms
  • Is Delhi doing the right thing ?
  • Set the priorities right
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #3 : Gallery
  • Modi's arduous journey & fate of Naga peace
  • Autism: Why fit in, when you can stand out?
  • Bloodstained Masquerade :: Poem
  • Dharamvir Singh: Forgotten hero of TV
  • What is keeping the clash going on ?
  • Warning of a coming politico-military storm
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #6
  • The Great June 18 Uprising : Timeline
  • The Great June 18 Uprising : Gallery
  • Are we on track to end AIDS by 2030 ?
  • 3 writers from Manipur for Sahitya Akademi
  • Manipur's traffic, parking: A big nuisance
  • Career in elderly care
  • Keeping the folks under a state of confusion
  • Nothing neat about NEET
  • Aid to relief camps @ Jiribam : Gallery
  • Gastronomy tourism in Manipur : Gallery
  • Eid-ul-Adha: Embracing sacrifice
  • Bike Rally - Sekmai to Kangla : Gallery
  • Tarpon chaklen katpa @ Andro #2 : Gallery
  • 2nd Annual Art Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Bimol Akoijam (Cong) wins Inner PC : Gallery
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #2: Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • Licypriya meets Italy PM & Pope Francis
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD