TODAY -

Blunder, change, business, religion and militancy: The Talibans

Akash Rajkumar *



Exiled! Ousted! Fled! Given shelter! Had no choice! Kabul! Talibans! Afghanistan! Flood of bloodshed! Vows to return!!

Headlines of news that circulated all around the world in the recent days , and we know only what we perceive not the intentions and way people wants us to!! To err is human!

9/11 referred hereafter is a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi Islamist terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, 11th of September, 2001; 6:16pm IST.

Geography plays an important role in history and geo-politics is a complex structure presently. Foreign affairs and diplomacy is not a bed of roses. The tits and tats, the alliances, the apostasy will never be free from this game. We have witnessed the WWI and WWII. In the post -WWII period we have witnessed the Cold war and the fall of U. S. S. R(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) . The situations gave particular conditions for certain geo-politics in the Asian countries which have mild influences of Communism but which weren't able to establish themselves at the forefront as if yet, then.

Recently, on the 14th of April 2021 the newly elected American President Joe Biden announced, after the deal with the Talibans back in February of 2020 C. E. , the desire of leaving Afghanistan by the 11th of September same year, on the 20th anniversary of the fateful 9/11 incident, which is still consider by the bearers of the liberty and democracy as one the biggest 'terrorist ' attack in recent past. All American troops including the allied NATO( North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) of 36 countries will be leaving Afghanistan.

However, to conclude whether the proposed mission by the U. S President George Herbert Walker Bush following the 9/11 remains far from being achieved to many eyes who actually believed in the 'promise' to defend the freedom. The firmness he showed in his speech and the resulting event today seems a tangent being drawn away from the believe, or should we say " mission un- accomplished" as projected to be accomplished.

The U. S. troops leave the Bagram base in July 1st, 2021 without any prior information. Bagram base is located in the Afghanistan. It was the epicenter of activity against the Talibans and the Al Qaeda by the U. S and its allies. Besides for all these years, The U. S. have been immensely succeokn their narrative building as the saviour of democracy. To note, they control nearly 90% of the media reach to us be it in text or visual-audio. The narratives are build according to their own need with the careful selections of words which Aristotle had termed as "epideictic rhetoric". The U. S. enjoy a fair share of the information warfare.

The bi-polar world of the Cold War era was a period of conflict between two different ideologies and geo-political tension between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. While trying to expand their sphere if influence accordingly to their own believes, we can infer that the US involvement in the Middle East were temporary ones, considering the proximity it share with USSR. And this would change to active engagement in the post-Cold war period. The fall of USSR was seen as a victory of democracy and capitalist society and economy.

The involvement of the US can be traced back to the decade long Soviet-Afghan War (1978 C.E. 1989 C.E.). This was a result of the blunder the US had made in the Vietnam War which they claimed victory. China became Communist in 1949 C. E. and the wave was felt in North Vietnam. To stop the spread of communism to South Vietnam and further to Asian countries, the US made active participation favouring the South Vietnam.

However, the situation they face made them call off the war in 1975C. E. . So the Soviet-Afghan war which began in 1978 C. E. was a chance to redeem and purge their past mistake and blunder. Meanwhile, we witnessed the Indo-Pakistan War or the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 C. E. This situation will pry not only the US but the Asian country of Pakistan too. The involvement of Pakistan from herewith will change the whole geopolitics.

During the Soviet-Afghan War many Afghans fled to neighbouring countries. However the Afghans had good and cordial relation with the Soviets since 1947 C. E. but the situation change after the assassination of communist statesman Nur Muhammad Taraki in 1978 C. E.. The unstable political condition in Afghanistan made the Soviets to shift from advisory role during their friendship days to active engagement. Thus began the Soviet-Afghan War. This war is also the last engagement made by USSR before its collapse.

Afghanistan was a nation divided into two blocks one supporting the communist Soviets and the other were Anti-Communist Islamic Afghans or the Mujahiddens. They had no resource, no military training and no support. The U. S. who have been a silently studying the situation wanted an strategic involvement bit without active engagement.

On the other hand, Pakistan who was not having an cordial relation with India since the Kashmir War of 1949 C. E. and the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 C. E. under the leadership of military general Muhammad Zia ul Haq sense the desires of the U. S. and soon forged a relation with the U. S. President Jimmy Carter. The US were happy in finding a way, so initiated Operation Cyclone where resources including finance and military aids were supplied in huge quantities for the Mujahiddens through Pakistan. In this way Pakistan did business during the Soviet-Afghan War and they used large part of the aid in their own needs. So we see a sudden hike in the militant activities in Punjab by then.

When the Soviet war in Afghanistan was coming to an end, Pakistan saw that the interest of the U. S. could fade. so they aim in creating new conflicts where the U. S. would be interested. The Mujahidden also seem to run out of factors to continue the fight against their own country-men. The Pakistani Army and the I. S. I(Inter Service Intelligence) Agency plays a crucial role. They created the Al Qaeda in 1988 C. E. at Peshawar, Pakistan.

Earlier the leader of Mujahiddens were also calked for important meetings at Peshawar. This shows the hand Pakistan was playing in between. Al Qaeda was composed of several war veterans and heroes from the recently concluded Soviet-Afghan War. The face of Osama Bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam were heroes for Afghanistan and the U. S. during the war. However, post creation of Al Qaeda they were brainwashed by the Pakistani Army and Agency and projected the U.S. as enemy for them and to fight against the corrupt politicians of Afghan Democratic Republic . Thus, began the conflict between Afghanistan and the U. S..

We should note that Pakistan needed fund and resources for their K2 mission Kashmir and Khalisthan Mission. Meanwhile, the Soviet Republic collapsed in 1991 C. E. And the attention of the U. S. was shifted to the case of Saddam Hussain and Iraq invasion of Kuwait. Pakistan and Al Qaeda, which is basically an Pakistani creation, wanted American attention. The expanding Al Qaeda in the Islamic world conducted atrocities in Northern Africa.

A civil war broke out by 1992 in Afghanistan and amongst the. Six(sometimes three or five) powers competing, the Talibans, again created by the Pakistani Army and I. S. I. Agency, captured power. The Talibans were founded under the leadership of Mohammad Omar, Abdul Ghani Barada at Kandahar in 1994 C. E.. Al Qaeda reestablish themselves in Afghanistan under the shadow of the Talibans and began the confusing character mingling of the Talibans and the Al Qaeda. While the Al Qaeda was trying to gain attention, the most significant was the attack of 9/11.

The U. S responded within a week and on account of the denial by the Talibans to hand over the 'man' behind the attack launched an aggressive militarization against the Talibans and Afghanistan. By 2002 C. E. , the Talibans and allies were retreated to the NorthEastern part of Afghanistan which is a hilly region and hid among the mountains.

We can notice the double character played by Pakistan where they use 'religion militancy' and the aids of the U. S for their own benefits against India. This doesn't mean the C. I. A( Central Intelligence Agency) or the American government are dumb and mummified. Yet, the policy was continued by the Presidents of Pre-Trump period. Pakistan had succeeded so far in converting the war heroes of Soviet-Afghan war to be enemies amongst themselves while she enjoy a fat share, and keeps on creating militant groups. Many on India are supported by the Pakistan and affiliates to Al Qaeda. This raises certain security question. And the quick response to Al Qaeda's action of 9/11 serves Pakistan the best in terms of funds and aids they receive from the U. S. by creating 'religious militant ' groups.

However, the foreign policy adopted by Trump towards Pakistan is a landmark event. And in regard to the withdrawing of the troops we have seen an 'unsuccessful ' talk with the Talibans and the Obama Government in 2016 C. E.. But direct talk with the Talibans initiated by Trump in 2020 C. E and the peace deal of 2020 are changing landmarks.

The emergence of the Talibans owes to Pakistan but the changing nature of the Talibans, as they accept diplomatic talks and solution, tends a re-union on religion base ground seem unlikely, as the Talibans should also, by now, had learned the double character played by Pakistan. Instead the religion card could serve against Pakistan considering the rise of Pastu Nationalism and Baloch Nationalism in Pakistan. Moreover rthe issue of hastily drawn Durand line is still a problem as ethnic spreads across the boundaries.

AS of now India do not share any boundary with Afghanistan, the part earlier shared is in POK( Pakistan Occupied Kashmir). And India have a cordial relation with Afghanistan. We have the case of P. V Narasimha Rao's government supplying medical and humanitarian aids to the Talibans. And recent talks with both the Talibans and the Afghan Government.

However, the mainstream media and American government under Bush had blended the Talibans and the Al Qaeda. The Talibans despite being an radical Islamic group had no participation at 9/11. And the U. S. had already been able to execute the assassination of Osama Bin Laden back on 2nd of May, 2011 at the Khyber Paktukhwa(KPK) region of Afghanistan. If the intention of the U. S. was against terrorism it could have ended there. But the continuing process for almost a decade and the sudden stoppage indicate otherwise.

All the while, the sudden redraw of the troops without prior information whereby the resources, as claimed by sources, falls onto the hands of the Talibans indicate careful examination given the change in characters after the deal of February.

And a fear of civil war stops many from sending their resources to Afghanistan presently, as the Talibans do not recognise the Afghan Government that had existed. But all are keeping a keen eye to the geopolitical situation. Nobody wants the blunder committed by the U. S. to be repeated by themselves. Further the exit is consider a 'face saving 'exit, an 'escape' from the blunder. Or an 'exhausted' superpower who had miscalculated its standing.

Lastly, As John Seeley puts "History is past politics and politics is present history", we see the second coming of the Talibans. In past politics of Cold war, they left home and educated themselves at madrassas in Pakistan imbibed the thoughts that would lead a and believed what would bring freedom to them. To a liberal eye, the measures are just too much. Given the background and condition they tried to equate, it was necessary for them, however cynical and inhuman they are.

Then, after the conflict with one of the cold war power leads to conflict with the remaining power. Forced out and decline, so that the frame of western liberty and democracy could be adjusted when they are in the middle of conflict. Again they rise today, tomorrow they may fall. It will become history, past politics making way for politics and present history.


* Akash Rajkumar wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer is from Department of History, Manipur University
and can be contacted at akashrk(DOT)akash2A(T)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on August 20 2021.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • 2nd Annual Art Exhibition #2 : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Union Budget 2024 & Income Tax
  • Physicochemical & productivity of Loktak
  • Human Rights & Empowering Women: Seminar
  • Forgiving is about freeing from resentment
  • The untold stories of hardworking men
  • Note the desecration of Laiphams too
  • Top cour verdict on NEET-UG exam scam
  • Remembering Japanese War Memorial
  • 4th open letter to RSS Sarsanghchalak
  • Manipur & Nagaland: Which one is Ram Rajya
  • Blindspot in the global HIV response
  • Origin & development of Hindi journalism
  • Place where first match stick was struck
  • Union Budget 2024
  • Anti-Repression Day @ MDU #2 : Gallery
  • Gossiping: Safety valve of social pressure
  • Gritty Filmmaker RK Kripa no more
  • Internal stigma is out of shadow at AIDS 2024
  • Climate preview at COP 29
  • 9th Brahmaputra Film Fest invite entry
  • Current existence of the people
  • Is US ready for first female President ?
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #11
  • SoO pact towards disintegration of Manipur
  • Logical curriculum is the need of the hour
  • Prodigal Ambani shaadi
  • Marks Vs Skills in today's world
  • Taking ST demand to the Assembly
  • Good intention, bad action
  • My daily prayer to Modi Bhagwan
  • Voting & Development : A new strategy
  • More infection-prevention options but...
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Sekmaijin
  • Job Openings at SAS Skills, Imphal
  • The Power of Poppy - 40 :: Poem
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #3 : Gallery
  • Compassion, empathy can restore peace
  • Totomsana Nongshaba to be inaugurated
  • Putting people first means following Gandhi
  • Assessment of cage culture on Maphou
  • Hotspots of trouble in North East India
  • Seeking a date with PM Modi
  • Puja Khedkar case: Opening the can of worm
  • Re-Interpretation of Subika Art of Manipur
  • International Day of Yoga #2 : Gallery
  • India refugee policy: Rohingyas Vs Chin-Kuki
  • Haats (Weekly Markets) of Guwahati
  • Shillong gears up to host Durand Cup
  • Lip care during Monsoon
  • Gaikhangam in his elements, again
  • The death of a Chiru man
  • Anti-Repression Day @ MDU #1 : Gallery
  • You are wrong, but it's okay
  • Growing call for 100-100-100 to end AIDS
  • Pelvis as the body's emotional junk drawer!
  • World Youth Skills Day & our environment
  • Insanity at its worst
  • 55 kms per day on Imphal-Jiri stretch
  • Justice Kotiswar: First among equals
  • Kang Chingba @Govindajee #2 : Gallery
  • Introducing Thang-Ta in school curriculum
  • N Kotiswar - Judge Supreme Court of India
  • Meitei Professors' Invention Patent [Upd]
  • Boeing crisis hits India, air fares to shoot up
  • Scholarship: Rs 4 crore for civil service
  • Out on the streets against extortions
  • Mandate against party-hopping
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #10
  • Bamboo Bio-toilets at Champu Kangpok
  • Decarbonisation for human survival
  • Book Release to promote physical education
  • "ST status for Meetei" @ Langmeidong
  • Condemns the Killing of CRPF Jawan
  • Rahul Ji, let us talk solution
  • Targeting Central security personnel
  • The monster outgrowing its creator
  • Aftermath of Imphal Flooding #2 : Gallery
  • World Plastic Surgery Day 2024
  • A new front of 'power politics' in Nagaland
  • 2nd Meghalaya Pineapple Fest at Delhi
  • Super 20 batch for UPSC 2025 announced
  • Why is PM not meeting Manipur leaders ?
  • Justice to displaced people
  • Imphal Art College Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Scholarship for Johnstone Hr Sec given
  • Will #PutPeopleFirst drive HIV response?
  • Open Letter to Amit Shah, Home Minister
  • The Power of Poppy - 39 :: Poem
  • World Population Day 2024
  • Beating of the Retreat #3 : Gallery
  • Liar's lair :: Poem
  • The Richest Man in Imphal
  • Gamcha, the Assamese Scarf
  • Meghalaya Govt launches OTT platform
  • Comprehensive Coverage in NE Telecom
  • Battered and tattered roads
  • Let there be transparency
  • Kanglei Thokpa @ Sagol Kangjei : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #3: Gallery
  • Historic Premiere: 'Chilli Chicken' at Manipur
  • Effective Unified Command for Resolution
  • Music & Quiz: Drug Abuse amongst youth
  • Visionless and headless DMU
  • When is the right time & situation for PM visit
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #37: Download
  • Inspirations from Scientists of Manipur: Book
  • Manipur crisis: Treat the disease, not symptom
  • 133rd Durand Cup Trophies Flags Off
  • NEET droppers vs freshers
  • Death : Only future to look at ?
  • Mental health of displaced people
  • Aftermath of Imphal Flooding #1 : Gallery
  • When was the last time we smiled ?
  • Appeal to Stop Unbearable Monetary Demand
  • 'Oppenheimer' links with Supreme Science
  • 'Preventing from holding a press conference'
  • Travel tips during Monsoon
  • Look at it via ground reality
  • Making the 'Balak Buddhi' wiser
  • Kang Chingba @Govindajee #1 : Gallery
  • Release Ebo Mili & Stop large dams in ArP
  • Rainforests are the lungs of Earth
  • Education suffering from political interference
  • Inflated bill main vote plank, law dont cut graft
  • From the Lok Sabha to Manipur
  • Third visit of Rahul
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #9
  • International Day of Yoga #1 : Gallery
  • Lord Jagannatha's processional chariot fest
  • World Zoonoses Day 2024
  • PM 'bola' in Parliament
  • Acknowledging the stand of UNC
  • Embracing tree plantation as a new trend
  • 17th N Tombi Equestrian C'ships #2 : Gallery
  • The spirit & the creed of the Olympics
  • Kang Chingba (Rath Yatra) : Book
  • 'Economic blockade: Rumors baseless'
  • The Power of Poppy - 38 :: Poem
  • Balancing children's academic performance
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #2 : Gallery
  • Covid, Ngari, Yu and Loktak
  • Rural people struggling with network problem
  • English certificate courses for BA student
  • 6th July is International Day of Cooperatives
  • Clogging the waterways with plastics
  • Diverting public attention from core issues
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #2 : Gallery
  • Gateway of Assam
  • Integrating GIS & EWS for flood management
  • The Dopamine overdose
  • Free workshop on civil service exams
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the silence
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #1 : Gallery
  • Embracing 'Sharra - Kashar-ot'
  • Drug abuse & illicit trafficking in Manipur
  • Nudity being served to increase followers
  • Record high temperature
  • Bangladesh FM Hasan Mahmud's Riyadh visit
  • Indigenous call for NRC
  • Come home to the electorates
  • Meiteis must unite for survival
  • Flood advisories issued
  • State & District Control Rooms
  • Green Hydrogen for a clean environment
  • Need for an Emergency
  • Monsoons beauty
  • Calling out the indifference of Delhi
  • Questioning the silence with a roar
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #8
  • Problem & prospect of floriculture in Manipur
  • WomenLeaders India Fellowship 2024-25
  • Naga Peace Talks and Narasimha Rao
  • Arunachal Minister visits Oil Palm @Godavari
  • Clear cut stand from the Nagas
  • Crisis resolution in 100-day plan ?
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur: A battleground of imperial geopolitics
  • Wangkhem Suresh @ Higher Defence Course
  • Shoppers Stop's 1st Store in Dimapur
  • Stop razing rail station, divert 25k Cr to Signal
  • Has Imphal completely lost the plot ?
  • Time to take responsibility
  • Tarpon chaklen katpa @ Andro #3 : Gallery
  • July Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Letter to Prime Minister of India
  • International Day of Parliamentarism
  • Skill Development Course at Lumshnong
  • The Power of Poppy - 37 :: Poem
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #1 : Gallery
  • Rally @ Jiribam [June 26] : Gallery
  • Panthoibi Phijol Hongba @Mandalay : Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Ema Panthoibi Phijol Hongba at Mandalay
  • Ibudhou Cheng Hongba #1 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #3 : Gallery
  • Aid to relief camps @ Jiribam : Gallery
  • Bike Rally - Sekmai to Kangla : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD