TODAY -

E-Pao! Opinion - Controversial Hydro Electric (Multi-purpose) Project

Controversial Hydro Electric (Multi-purpose) Project

By: Namdingpou Kamei *



The proposed 162.8 metres high Dam at the estimated cost of about Rs 6714 crores to be constructed on the confluence of the River Tuivai and Barak at Tipaimukh in Churachandpur district of Manipur, will bring the following losses and destructions to the people of the surrounding areas especially to people of Tamenglong.

  • A total area of land 286.20 sq. km will be submerged forever.
  • Barak waterfalls and Zeilad Lake, which are connected with the history of the Zeliangrong people, will be forever underwater and all folklores and legends will have no monuments' proof and it will become a make up story for the next generation.
  • More than, 40,000 people will be rendered landless.
  • Eight villages situated at the Barak Valley will be completely underwater.
  • More than 90 villages mostly of Tamenglong district will be adversely affected.
  • About 27,242 hectares of cultivable land will be lost.
  • The township of Nungba sub-division Hqs. And the village along the NH-53 will be severely affected.
  • The dam will bring health hazard, water borne diseases, industrial pollution and other environmental and ecological problems due to increase of water surface.
  • Increase in salinity of ground water will be unsafe for drinking thereby causing a lot of problems to the people.
  • Possibility of frequent occurrence of destructive earthquake in the area.
  • The decision was taken without proper ecological studies. Such will create a big trouble in the future to the people.
  • The construction will directly affect the livelihood of the people. The natural product, which the people depend for every aspect of their economy, will be totally cut off so there will be economic and financial crises.
  • Consequent displacement and destruction of the people by implementing the project will pose a grave thread to the vibrant democratic system of people's right to live.
  • The project once installed will submerge the exotic flora and fauna and rich gene pools as Manipur falls under one of the genetic hot spot zones of the world where rare biodiversity resources exist.
  • There will be problem of displacement, resettlement, rehabilitation, repatriation and development issues.
  • The construction of Dam will be violation of our democratic form of Government's functioning where the indigenous voices are to be taken and considered.
  • It is a total disregard of our Zeliangrong ancient indigenous heritage and reflects partiality of the government.
  • Not only the Barak basin will be affected, it will also affect its tributaries.
I am very much surprised to see that, although there has been so many disadvantages of the Dam the Government is always trying to convince the people showing some good points. Government is for the people and should not go against the wishes of the people.

But our worthy bureaucrats and people's representatives are trying to convince the ignorant people of the District especially the affected ignorant ones by showing some good points leaving all the negative impacts behind the screen.

Aware of the negative impacts, people of Manipur particularly, the people of Zeliangrong are protesting the construction of the said Dam. They have submitted a number of memoranda to the Chief Minister of Manipur even to the honourable Prime Minister of India.

The Government is trying to convince people with all their might to understand the real benefits of the Dam but the people are also really aware that the merit points are much less than the demerits.

In fact, we all must work out merits and demerits before we take up any project. Though it is positive in one side, if the negative impacts are more, we should stop it immediately.

I honestly hope that honourable and respected leaders of Manipur Government will understand the feelings of his people. If they cannot understand and do not act according to the wishes of their people, they are unworthy to be called "the people's representatives" and incompetent to be called "the people's government'.

Manipur will get 182 MW or 406 million Units of electricity free of cost, which is 12% of 1500 MW to be generated from the project. And they also said that NEEPCO who is going to construct the Dam would give compensation to the people affected by the project unaware of the land to be lost permanently.

But I want to say that, we will lose our land forever because of only 182 MW of electricity in return. The compensation promised by the authority concerned will never be compensated with the value of the land, which is about Rs 5.8 lakh per hectare of land.

Job facilities promised by the government will be never for the affected inhabitants, because they don't have a capable person to get the job, the other educated person will take the advantage.

NEEPCO the authority who is going to construct the dam will never be aware of the land submerged since their land will not be affected.

Actually Manipur state and India have already enough dams for the purpose of generating electricity and irrigation. But many of the Dams cannot produce what was envisaged for the lack of proper management.

For instance Loktak Hydro Project could not supply enough power to the state due to poor management, but it has destroyed thousands of hectares of paddy field. Likewise, Khoupum Irrigation Project has become a total failure resulting in the loss of thousands of hectares of wet paddy fields.

It is said that except for the lack of proper management or maintenance, India has already enough dams, which could generate sufficient power for the entire country. Therefore, instead of constructing new dams it will be better to invest the money and technicians or workers in the existing project.

This will solve the problems and will not lose our land, which is the nation's most precious property to be inherited by our generation to generations. We must aim to construct less dam but to generate more power, because the more we build a dam, the more we lose our land forever.

Besides, water conflict has been in existence in many states of India due to the construction of dams without the indigenous people's concern like, Sardar Sarovar Dam (built on Narmada river), Tehri Dam (built on Bhagirathi river) etc. Tipaimukh dam should not be added to them.

One of the objectives of the proposed 162.8 metres high dam is to control frequent occurrence of flood in the Cachar plain of Assam.

However, this will affect a total permanent submergence of about 27,550 sq. kms of land surface in Manipur mostly in Tamenglong district which is against the people's right to live and national policy of Land use and this is also a policy of one sidedness. More land of Manipur will be submerged than flooded plain in Assam for the sake of flood control.

Until now the huge dams on the big rivers were considered very useful from the viewpoint of water utilization. But recent scientific studies have revealed that dams give birth to earthquakes. The soil irrigated by canals becomes infertile in the long run due to alkalization. The dams also restrict the free movement of marine life.

The site of Tipaimukh Hydro Multi-purpose Dam is also said to be highly seismic zone with the Taithu fault almost parallel to the selected location.

So if this dam is built and covered the land by water, there will be frequent occurrences of earthquakes in the region. The proposed site of the Dam falls under major mega bio-diversity zone of the world which will lead to the irreparable loss of natural resources of the mother earth.

Our future life will be threatened by the impact of the dam.


Namdingpou Kamei wrote this article for The Sangai Express. This article was webcasted on December 15th, 2006.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Laonii Festival, Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Chinneivah, Chingyi : eMing
  • Khamba Thoibi Museum #2 : Gallery
  • Enigma of Unique Histories
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • When God's people humble
  • The great cosmic discovery - V
  • TB prevention is no longer a choice..
  • Stakeholders to be consulted: Final pact
  • The unresolved crisis
  • IM leaders camping along India-Myanmar
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #3 : Gallery
  • Licypriya- SDG Ambassador Award: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #5: Gallery
  • Whither Pangals ?
  • Licypriya Kangujam: SDG Ambassador
  • Blood Donation Camp at Benguluru
  • The Sun on the Western Horizon :: Poem
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [20 November]
  • Regarding resignation of NPF Youth Wing
  • Rider to be exempted from CAB: ILP
  • Truth, sincerity & commitment ...
  • CAB : Total Shutdown - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • CAB : Sit In Protest - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Dr Sanajaoba (Dr KS Singh): Reminiscence
  • Career option in technical writing
  • What Mindset does Govt of Manipur have ?
  • 12 Members resigned from NPF
  • Where is the special clause in CAB?
  • Please understand CAB; future is at stake
  • CAB protest - Nov 18 : Gallery
  • Children's Day @CM Bungalow : Gallery
  • Why CAB is being opposed in North East
  • Meeteis' paradox
  • A Vision :: Poem
  • NE development: Lean on regional planning
  • Sand War- deadly war against mother Earth
  • From 'ahead of final pact' to CAB
  • Can Meitei, Naga & Kuki jointly resist CAB?
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #4: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Fish Fair #2: Gallery
  • History - from Obscurity to Visibility ?
  • Manipur State Journalist Awards, 2019
  • Was it a Hindu Day in Assam book season
  • Kerala's multi-layered approach to #endTB
  • Being vegetarian can fight climate change
  • Let the rivers flow uninterrupted
  • Cry of a Dying River : 100 Poems
  • MANITEX & the poor fate of weavers
  • Anecdote, Fable & Refugee Blues : Poem
  • What is pollution doing to your skin
  • Dispensation in Nagaland is rudderless
  • Resistance to CAB may fail
  • Culturals @ Shirui Fest #2: Gallery
  • Gender, Power in South Asia :: Book Rvw
  • Stop Burning of Hay- uplift Rural Economy
  • Disoriented mind :: Poem
  • What is all about a flag ?
  • Cannabis plant : Myths and facts
  • Need to be on guard against rumours
  • Smart city or smart earning...
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Khumang: Conference- Science for Society
  • 7th NE Students Sports Meet at Jalandhar
  • Ningol Chakouba at Pune :: Report
  • Hospitality at One Horn Nation
  • Henjunaha , masculinity redefined
  • World Diabetes Day 2019
  • Tension filled days for over 2 weeks
  • Subdued voice
  • Rani Hingchabi :: Funga Wari
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to Lamcha Chongloi's piece
  • Salt brines : Source of Meitei Thum
  • Hibernating animals and climate variable
  • Combined Defence Services Exam (I) 2020
  • Rare good news : NMA reaching out
  • Forgotten pledge - a reminder
  • Children from Noney #1: Gallery
  • 7 NE entrepreneurs wins National Awards
  • Identity of Pangal in Manipur: Counter-points
  • Recharging the World with Li-ion Battery
  • Achoubi in Love, Bloody Phanek : Southasia
  • When the man is silent :: Poem
  • Chekshin Meepham at Kakching
  • Arrested, released, 'escorted' to Delhi
  • CM has every reason to believe..not public
  • Ema Keithel (Khwairamband) #2: Gallery
  • Argentina hosts Manipur Cup (Polo)
  • Birth celebration of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • Chin Orgs demand release of U Hawi Tin
  • The Killing Fields 2013-19 : News Timeline
  • Refresher course in Khasi subject at NEHU
  • Process of closing offices in Nagaland
  • HM assurance to GOM..only means left?
  • Meira Rally [10 Nov] : Gallery
  • Religious evolution among Meiteis
  • Manipur's Identity & Political Ingenuity
  • Cry of a Dying River - 100 :: Poem
  • NEC Tamchon Football at Delhi
  • Soma Laishram at Northeast Festival 2019
  • Respecting stand of the Supreme Court
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Nazareth @ Shirock #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba : A beautiful tradition
  • Cost of inaction to treat TB is high
  • Cross & Flag: Christianity at Risk
  • Lithium Ion batteries & Nobel Prize
  • New India & the ticking time bomb
  • Naga can trust on preamble with GoI
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #2 : Gallery
  • Lungpuiga Remei : Natyabhusan
  • The Fate of Peepal Tree
  • Manipur: Context & Structural Violence
  • International Day of Radiology
  • That peaceful moment :: Poem
  • OCCE 2020 : Conference at TISS Mumbai
  • Manipur : Natl School Games Football
  • NPF camping at New Delhi
  • Mature statement of Kho John
  • Civility matters; but is in the cross road
  • Alert Rally at Khumbong : Gallery
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Carbon Neutral Journey through e-mobility
  • What FA of IM and Govt of India says?
  • Imphal-Mandalay flight service
  • Nutrients for good skin & hair health
  • Th Muivah central to it all
  • Translate those 'taken' into action
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #3: Gallery
  • World Tourism Day @Noney #5 : Gallery
  • There is nothing either good or bad ..
  • Food Wastage and its Impacts
  • Final Indo-Naga Peace Accord & beyond
  • Career options in Labour Studies
  • Assam CM inaugurate Don Bosco College
  • The great October 31 bluff ?
  • Blasts in Imphal: Do that have an agenda
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Korea : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba & Kut at Korea
  • Are Nagas ready to face hostile Neighbour
  • Case of 'Choudhury" among Pangal
  • Frontline champions lead fight to #endTB
  • How do you define Manipur's interest
  • Junior Accountant @ MaolKeki Foundation
  • Accord: Greater autonomy, the last word?
  • What if it turns out to be 'Godot'
  • Hinduism in Manipur #4
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #1: Gallery
  • Controversies of 1200 MW Teesta III HEP
  • Seminar on Rural Transformation in NE
  • Licypriya: solution to curb air pollution
  • Cannabis - A new beginning
  • Khwairamband By Night :: Poem
  • Requirements @ Birla Emporiums, Khurai
  • Of AEP, gateway and redundancy
  • Political Rumors
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #1 : Gallery
  • The Hand that Rocks :: Poem
  • As long as hills & valley stand united
  • Indo-Naga talks: Praying for a happy ending
  • Meiraba Luwang clinche Korea Junior Open
  • Wander Nagaland : Enterprise launched
  • NH7 Weekender 2019 : Day 2 Report
  • Vigilance Awareness Week at ADBU
  • Military build-up: Something is not right
  • Manipur accounted for 50% of NE violence
  • Chingda Satpi Engellei #3 :: eRang
  • Banana Fest @ Noney #1 : Gallery
  • Biren can make a difference in Naga deal
  • CM interact with Social Media : Gallery
  • Medical lab : A building block of trust
  • NH7 Weekender begins in Meghalaya
  • Tracking black money
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Sintha Leppa [Oct 31] : Gallery
  • Yubu and Lai Haraoba
  • Demilitarize educational institutions
  • Did Mongoloid drive out Assam inhabitant
  • A kind being :: Poem
  • Transgression of suppressed sexuality
  • Rejoinder to NDPP :: NPF [Nov 1]
  • One day after Oct 31: Time to look ahead
  • Bridge the trust to restore peace
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #1 : Gallery
  • Cheksine Khongchat [Oct 31] #1 : Gallery
  • November Calendar for Year 2019 : Tools
  • Kut: Celebration of nature's gift
  • Cry of a Dying River - 99 :: Poem
  • Kut Festival of Kuki-Chin-Mizo : Articles
  • Forgetting TB prevention is better than cure
  • Understanding Ishan Uday Scholarship
  • Miltary should be removed from College
  • Rejoinder to Kuki Chief Association
  • Date with Oct 31 : Of misleading headings
  • Final agreement- a mere mistake will ...
  • Modi's promise for Naga takes final step
  • NESO to stage protests against CAB
  • Centre may extend Naga pact deadline
  • Ningol Chakkouba by Journalists : Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 30: Gallery
  • A Clandestine announcement or....
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Chakkouba Nga Mela #1: Gallery
  • Social significance of Ningol Chakkouba
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #1: Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 26: Gallery
  • Jessica Akoijam in Miss United Nations
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #3 : Gallery
  • Talui in Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • Hiyang Tanaba @Lamlai #2: Gallery
  • Akhunba Takhellei #1 :: eRang
  • 123rd Lamyanba Irabot #3 : Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #5 : Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View
  • SPONSORED ADS