Keeping Indo-Naga Political Solution in Suspension Amounts to Human Rights Violation

Dr. Yaronsho Ngalung *

Major players in the Naga political arena
Major players in the Naga political arena :: Pix - TSE

The indiscernible political solution between India and the Nagas through political talks for over 16 years has not only brought forth a sense of loss of confidence of the people on the claims of sincerity and seriousness on the part of the Government of India but has also grossly violated the human rights of the people in negotiations. The Indo-Naga political talks has crossed more than 70 rounds of talks everywhere including Paris, Tokyo, Amsterdam, Bangkok, New Delhi and Kohima.

For an ardent observer, the best that can be summed up of the whole peace processes is nothing but shilly-shallying the hard-earned peace process by the Government of India (GoI). Every politically conscious person is aware of the political manoeuvrability being played by the GoI. For example, the principles of talks that have been agreed upon by both the entities since August 1, 1997, such as, 1. Talks are unconditional, 2. At the highest level meaning at the Prime Ministerial level, and, 3.

In the third country, have never been fully carried out. The GoI has not only backtracked on many of the terms of talks that have been agreed upon but also went extra miles by arresting some key functionaries of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN) who are part of the peace process. The unprovoked arrest of Anthony Ningkhan Shimray, for example, in Kathmandu on September 27, 2010 by Indian agencies while on his way to attend peace talk in New Delhi can seldom be considered democratic in any sense of the terms.

Naga civil societies have demanded unconditional release of Shimray and many other political prisoners from the Indian jails for lasting peace to be brought about. However, no political prisoners have so far been released by India the reason best known to its policy makers. It is only making sense that Naga political prisoners are released sooner than later if India believes in peace and tranquillity.

The unconditional peace process is a deception by India against the Nagas due to the fact that India does not respect it in letter and spirit. Unconditional peace process hardly matters the Indian leadership once the ceasefire is signed. It is unimaginable to think that the right of people to self-determination and aspiration to live as one family is being questioned on the table of negotiations.

The unconditional talk is a sham in so far as the GoI issued terms and conditions vis-a-vis the Naga Collective Leadership on their movements within their own territory. Examples are amply clear as to how the unconditional dialogues are being treated by India against the Nagas. On May 6, 2010, Th. Muivah, the General Secretary of the NSCN was stopped from entering his native village, Somdal, by the Government of Manipur, a branch of the Indian Government. Isak Chishi Swu, the Chairman of the NSCN was supposed to visit his village in 2012 where GoI issued terms and conditions restricting the free movements of the leader. This is not only violating the principles of talks but also an infringement on the rights of the Naga leaders for free movements as citizens of this world.

Now, it is reported in some media that "Naga leaders are being monitored wherever they go and their communication, read phone and internet, are tapped". The past incidents of disrespecting the original ceasefire terms of talks are never in the spirit of transforming the 60 years old conflict, rather, it is seemingly sabotaging the hard-earned peace process. Disregards shown to the peace process by India is not at all plausible as it does not make any sense to the people at large.

Naga People adopt a wait and watch policy because they have gained enough experiences as to how and in what manner India will behave its card towards the Naga people. It is suggested that 1964 and Shillong Accord types are not repeated in the history. It is reminded to the negotiating parties that the past methods of conflict management are not workable at present while dealing with the political and identity based conflicts. A new approach/mechanism is the need of the hour for transforming the conflict wherein new political vistas take proper root.

In the beginning of the Second Indo-Naga Ceasefire, the people have a high hope for bringing an end to one of the oldest but least known conflicts in the world. Indeed, the peace process could be signed after the Indian leadership realised that military might is not possible to bring any solution without giving way to political dialogues. Former Prime Ministers of India, P.V. Narasimha Rao, H.D. Deve Gowda, I.K. Gujral, Chandra Shekhar, Atal Behari Vajpayee including the present PM Dr. Manmohan Singh all said political solution is a must to the conflict.

Nevertheless, after 16 years of talks political solution is yet to be seen. Former Indian Army Generals including Shankar Roy Chowdhury realised that military solution is not possible in the Naga case for which political means should be approached. With that realisation, the Second Indo-Naga Ceasefire was signed by both the parties, and appointed Ceasefire Monitoring Committees to oversee the Ground Rules. Inspite of the terms of talks and ground rules in place, GoI has violated on several occasions as many Naga cadres have been killed during the peace process in addition to the arrest of key Naga leaders.

In so far as the talks are concerned, the only occasion when Indian Government showed a political maturity was during BJP-NDA rule when the Indian Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee recognised the "Unique History and Situation of the Nagas" on July 11, 2002 at Amsterdam. The Nagas appreciated the Indian leadership for showing positive political intention by recognising the unique history and situation of the Nagas. It was in line with such political recognition that the conflict was thought of to be transformed through talks.

In what could be termed as disrespecting the good services rendered by the Interlocutors such Swaraj Kaushal, K. Padmanabhaiah etc who tried to understand the Naga question in right perspective were suddenly removed from the role of being negotiators of the GoI in the midst of talks for no fault of theirs. The idea behind their removal was nothing but for prolonging the whole peace processes which was a disgrace not only to them but also to the people in general.

Besides, the UPA Government under the leadership of Dr. Manmohan Singh in the last 9 years since 2004 has wilfully neglected the political issue and made this and that excuses one after another. Every event for India is an opportunity to make excuses when it comes to people's issues. India does not lack in making excuses while its leadership lacks political will and commitment. Making excuses like UPA Government is a coalition one is simply to brainwash the common men. If it is so willed, GoI have enough resources to resolve and transform the Indo-Naga issue for now.

Apprehension is rife in certain corners that hidden agenda is being played out to hoodwink the spirit of Naga nationalism. In seriousness, GoI will surely take 2014 General Elections as an opportunity to make another latest excuse to suspend a solution to the Indo-Naga issue. The question is, will the Nagas be able to wait India to end making its excuses while political solution is in at the backstage? It may not be wrong to point out here that GoI does not consider Naga issue as a problem anymore by assuming that there is a peaceful environment in the Naga areas especially in Nagaland State.

But GoI should acknowledge the fact that the prevailing peace is just a "Negative Peace" in place needing a "Positive Peace". On the part of the Naga leaders what were and are supposed to state have already been tabled. Naga leaders have made their position crystal clear on the aspiration of the Naga people to GoI. There is no doubt that by now the Indian leadership must have understood the aspiration of the Nagas loud and clear. If it so, then, the only responsibility left with the Indian leadership is to come out clear on its policy decision without any further delay and suspense.

If the GoI keeps on delaying its policy decision in resolving the Indo-Naga issue further, it is only deepening the infliction on the human rights of the Naga people. It is absolutely important to note that, an acceptable and honourable solution could be brought about only on the basis of the "Unique History and Situation of the Nagas" as recognised by India on July 11, 2002.

In which case, the historical and political rights of the people are secured and enhanced. In short, the cornerstone for any viable solution is based on the uniqueness of the Naga history ensuring unique political identity, human dignity and empowering the people, informed by the principles of truth and justice. Such a solution comes along with democratising India while at the same time security and development is assured in the continent.

A foreseeable solution sought without the political content in any measurable terms as mechanism to transform the conflict is to be discarded. Any solution devoid of political content is meaningless and fruitless. Assuming and proposing Social, cultural and financial packages to be a viable solution is not only temporary and tempting but also negate the very idea of national identity as distinct and unique.

A comprehensive and workable political mechanism should have been in place by now after more than 16 years of talks. But until as today, such a step being initiated by the negotiating parties is not observable. As separate entities, both India and the Nagas could have an inseparable and friendly relationship in all aspects where one's rights are respected by the other and vice versa. It is a right moment for both India and the Nagas to sign on the dotted lines sooner than later.

* Dr. Yaronsho Ngalung wrote this article for Hueiyen Lanpao (English Edition)
The writer is a resident of Ringui Ramhon Village, Ukhrul District
This article was posted on October 05, 2013.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Yaoshang Sports @ Khongman : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 3: Rock Concert : Gallery
  • Ayangphabi, Chaphaba :: eMing
  • Nation needs Anti-Mob Lynching Law
  • The Apps that shape up our E-World
  • The Holi(y) invasion
  • RPL trainees of Arunachal Pradesh
  • Congress fields two new faces in Manipur
  • Cong accuses BJP..insurgent-backed..
  • Doctors in Manipur protest assault
  • Yaoshang Pichakari #1: Gallery
  • Abdur Rahaman : Gopal Sharma Award
  • Yaoshang :: Photos related with Yaoshang
  • Journey into Nature of Human Culture #2
  • ..must to eliminate racial discrimination
  • Maharaj & election candidates
  • Poor representation of women from NE
  • Ravi-NSCN/GPRN talks in Dimapur
  • BJP kick-starts campaign for Outer LS
  • BJP national leader arrives in Manipur
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #1: Gallery
  • Miles Of Promises To Keep
  • Time to bend curve sharply to #endTB
  • Postdoctoral position at APU / IISc
  • Closing of NSS Camp at ADBU
  • Female polo players riding up a storm
  • NPP, NPF not to contest in 1 of 2 LS seats
  • Rahul's attack at BJP over jailed Journalist
  • Mizo People(Manipur) visits Jampui Hill
  • Yaoshang Mei Thaba : Gallery
  • Thokchom Sanatombi : Sangeetratna
  • Journey of 'Right To Information (RTI)'
  • Career options in Commerce stream #3
  • Holi skin and hair care tips
  • BJP's first list has 16 candidates from NE
  • 5 ex-MLAs quit Cong in Manipur, join NEIDP
  • KITCO bags contract for Imphal airport
  • What's next for the Rohingya? : Discussion
  • Manipur dancer explore human cost of war
  • Jailed journalist having severe health issue
  • Torch Rally Journalists Sports: Gallery
  • AEgi puNsi :: Seireng
  • UN letter to Govt on Kishorechand case
  • Babloo Loitongbam at UNHR Geneva
  • Yaoshang (Holi) : Festival of colours
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Prevention of kidney disease
  • NPF on PDA electoral campaign
  • Sports Meet at Delhi University
  • Festival of colour is upon all
  • Changing Trend of politics
  • View of Ukhrul Town #2 : Gallery
  • Renu Takhel: UN Human Rights, Geneva
  • Hunting in the Himalayas :: Book Review
  • Justification: against Meeteis ST demand
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Executive Committee 2019 of BMSA
  • Google Workshop on Journalism
  • High level of air pollution
  • Way to go as but hopes stir
  • CCpur Dance @Keibul Lamjao : Gallery
  • The East Wind from Yunnan
  • Journey into Nature of Human Culture #1
  • Yaoshang Thabal :: Poem
  • North East NSS Festival begins
  • Talking... ending social media introversion
  • Opposing stand on ST demand
  • Kounu Lairembi Haraoba #1 : Gallery
  • Nipalsuba Mapok : Shumang Leela
  • Women's Bill : A passage to nowhere?
  • Challenges in elderly for medical tests
  • All's fair in love in war: Nitza :: Review
  • Why I write ?
  • Looking back to 2012, 2014 elections
  • Mukna Kangjei #2 : Gallery
  • Mova Cave of Hungpung in Ukhrul
  • Catapults, Molotov Cocktails & Music!
  • Appeal for Meitei's demand for ST
  • Google News Training for Journalists
  • Of Crimes Against Humanity :: Poem
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Mary Kom to skip Asian championship
  • Thabal chongbagi SenKhaiba : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong women: Role in society #2
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 69 :: Poem
  • Nationality & Gorkha statehood movement
  • Free Children Heart Surgery Camp
  • Workshop on Python Programing at MU
  • Lining up for BJP, Cong
  • Indian Politics after Pulwama Terror Attack
  • Sory Wahengbam : eRang Actress Profile
  • International River Day @ Nungbrung Village
  • Nongthombam Biren: People's CM
  • Can Jamir Do A Lazarus ?
  • Dr. Shantibala's The Sacred Witch :: Review
  • Rural development process
  • Eyeing 22 out of 25 in North East
  • Interfering the media
  • Myanmar army cracks down on NSCN (K)
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • Komorebi - The Longing :: Poem
  • Little love in twilight of life
  • Election code of conduct anytime
  • Surveying India's unemployment numbers
  • DAMMS' statement on Meitei ST Demand
  • Choosing the right candidate
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • The Innampei festival of Chothe #2
  • CC Meet: SU vs NACO : Gallery
  • AEbu tuMduna lEKi gad_ra :: Seireng
  • That Hurts :: Poem
  • Workshop on Statistical Data at MU
  • The International Women's Day
  • Politics : A way of life !
  • Celebrate festival of democracy responsibly
  • The truth unfolded
  • Nipalsuba Mapok #1 : Gallery
  • Maisnam Renuka's Painting : Gallery
  • Parental Alienation: Poem 2 : Poem
  • The cost of a vote
  • Motivation & rewards for development
  • Career options in Commerce stream #2
  • Forest rights more than nine-tenths
  • Setting back final deal by 60 days
  • Traffic woes
  • slams Nagaland CM's statement on ILP
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #4
  • Laiphrakpam Ashok Kumar: Akademi Award
  • ST Demand Rally [Mar 3] #2: Gallery
  • Mee Manukhang will not be televised
  • Govt should grant prosecution sanction
  • Zeliangrong women: Role in society #1
  • General Strike mapung fana chathari
  • Rolling out Lok Sabha schedule
  • Saroi Khangba @Imphal : Gallery
  • 'Women Health' Workshop : Gallery
  • Manipuri Muslims Conference : Report
  • Meetei ST demand bu lanna uhanbiganu
  • Caveman & Children of (19)70s : Poem
  • Workshop on "Women Health" at Pune
  • Natural facial at home for glowing skin
  • Inauguration of NSS Camp at ADBU
  • Changing Manipur - which direction ?
  • Nongkhrang Ehanba @Lilong #2 : Gallery
  • Cessation of hostilities to POW
  • Magical power of music
  • Intl Women's Day requires regrouping
  • General Strike Mapung Fahanbiyu
  • Pravish's Case disposed by CJM
  • NSS Camp at Assam Don Bosco
  • Former Cong leader welcomed at Dimapur
  • Never asked India for land quip
  • Issues of women's rights
  • Barak Fest @ Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #1: Gallery
  • Reading Megh-dut in Manipuri #2
  • To be a woman and to be in India
  • Cry of a Dying River - 68 :: Poem
  • Can Meitei/Meetei be a tribe ?
  • Raging debate over ST demand
  • Climate change matters
  • Class X Exam @Johnstone : Gallery
  • ciH Amadi tMgi KeYnaba :: Seireng
  • Yaoshang be observed as 'Sports Week'
  • Shopping for Shivaratri #1: Gallery
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #3 : Gallery
  • Reinvigorating the Awl-len festival
  • I am a poet :: Poem
  • Roles of Members of Parliament
  • SRF/JRF for Mizoram University [Upd]
  • ST Demand Rally [Mar 3] #1: Gallery
  • Sanaroishingee Nunit : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to TNL's Diatribe on the Kukis
  • Schemes of Panchayati Raj #2
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #1: Gallery
  • Nagaland Dance @Sangai Fest : Gallery
  • Bad Boy Eats the Yellow Snow
  • Name :: Poem
  • Alcohol prohibition
  • Treading murky waters
  • PM Kisan: Reducing risk..increasing return
  • Rallying around ST demand for Meiteis
  • Myanmar Army takes control of NSCN (K)
  • Henjunaha #3 :: Funga Wari
  • Reading Megh-dut in Manipuri #1
  • Purnima Ngangom's Painting : Gallery
  • Impact of Anglo Manipur War 1891 #2
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Traditional Raas Dance #2: Gallery
  • Cultural @Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • RS adjourned without CAB: What now? #3
  • Retrospection on Sport person's Day
  • Marriage ceremony : Zeliangrong & Tai #3
  • Maharaj Kumar Priyabarta Singh : Profile
  • March Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #3: Gallery
  • Yubi Lakpi #1 : Gallery
  • Holi Pala @Sangai Festival : Gallery
  • Indie films: Loktak Lairembee & Soni #2
  • Singcha Wuya Won @Kamjong #2 : Gallery
  • Konthoujam Maikel's Painting : Gallery
  • Pui Jianna Thangamliu :: eRang
  • March Past: Republic Day: Gallery
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #2: Gallery
  • Police check @Jirimukh, Jiri : Gallery
  • Dzukou Valley, Senapati : Gallery
  • Thamoise Foidattuna :: e-pao Radio
  • Onetwo Okram : Singer- Profile :: eRang
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3 : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019