TODAY -

Yaoshang festival in Manipuri society

Balu Thongam *



Yaoshang festival is celebrated on the full moon day of phalguna purnima and it is one of the most important festivals of Manipur. Sports festival is organized in every locality as a part of celebrating the festival since the last four to five decades. Main highlight of the festival is the Thabal Chongba (a folk dance).

The literal meaning of thabal is 'moonlight' and Chongba means 'dance', thus 'dancing in the moonlight'. In earlier times, this dance was performed in the moonlight accompanied by folk songs. The only musical instrument used was a dholakar drum.

Upto the last one century, this folk dance was performed only in the moonlight. Later, lanterns were introduced in the Thabal Chongba back in 1950s. Besides dholak, even dishes and metal tubs were also used as drums during that time. 'Patromax' was also brought into use in the Thabal Chongba as a source of light.

Patromax is a brand name, for paraffin lamps that use a mantle. Paraffin is called kerosene in the USA. Thabal Chongba is a Manipuri dance where boys and girls hold hands and sing and dance. Boys wore pheijom (dhoti) and girls wore phanek (loincloth worn by female Meetei) in the Thabal Chongba.

Yaoshang festival is not just for children, but the young and old alike take delight in this joyous festival. Songs, dance, drinks, food everything goes in excess when it is time for Yaoshang. During this festival, which is celebrated for five days, children especially girls collect money/donation from every road passers.

On the first day of the festival, young boys and girls go from door to door for Nakatheng after Yaoshang Meithaba. The money collected is spent on merrymaking. Children take special delight in the festival. Colours are applied to a big bunch of friends in their locality.

Pichkaris or syringes are also used by children to drench themselves. Abeer (colour) is of different bright shades of pink, red, yellow and green. Abeer is made of small crystals or paper like chips of mica.

It is said that Holi, an ancient festival of India, existed several centuries before Christ. Holi is originally known as 'Holika'. The full moon festival of Holika gradually became a festival of merrymaking, announcing the commencement of the spring season. Holi marks the end of the winter gloom and rejoices in the bloom of the spring time. It is the best time and season to celebrate.

The famous Muslim tourist Ulbaruni has mentioned about Holikosav in his memories. Other Muslim writers of that period have mentioned, that Holikosav were not only celebrated by the Hindus but also by the Muslims. In Bengal and Orissa, Holi Purnima is also celebrated as the birthday of Cheitanya Mahaprabhu (AD 1486-1533).

However, the literal meaning of 'Holi' is 'burning'. In Manipur, Holi is celebrated as Yaoshang. Instead of a fire, a hut is built and then set ablaze. The most prominent legend to explain the meaning of 'Holi' is the legend associated with demon king Hiranyakshyap.

He wanted everybody in his kingdom to worship only him but to his great disappointment, his son, Prahlad became an ardent devotee of Lord Naarayana. Hiranyakashap commanded his sister, Holika to enter a blazing fire with Prahlad in her lap. Holika had a boon whereby she could enter fire without any damage on herself.

However, she was not aware that the boon worked only when she enters the fire alone. As a result she paid a price for her sinister desires, while Prahlad was saved by grace of the god for his extreme devotion.

The festival, therefore, celebrates the victory of good over evil and also the triumph of devotion. Lord Krishna also started the tradition of play with colours by applying on his beloved Radha and other Gopis. Gradually, the play gained popularity with the people and became a tradition.


* Balu Thongam wrote this for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on March 19, 2011.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Sagolshem Tijendra :: Sangeetbhusan
  • Day 8 : Hiyang Tanaba #2 : Gallery
  • Day 4: Martial Arts Exhibition : Gallery
  • Sangai International Digital Salon
  • S/W Engineer @NetworkMaster, Canchipur
  • NPF Meeting 13 Dec: Setting record straight
  • The two sibling Machin moupa :: Funga
  • Lhingneichin, Lungsumpou: eMing
  • Day 4 : Eikhoigi Iranyai #2 : Gallery
  • Dance from Thailand & Zimbabwe : Gallery
  • All about understanding Bob Geldof
  • Career options in banking #2
  • Learning from Miss beauties
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Driver required for Distribution Company
  • Beggar culture shd be clean from mindset
  • In news for wrong reasons: Men in white
  • 305-cr Central aid for calamity-hit Manipur
  • Nupilal Ningsing Lamjen : Gallery
  • Day 7: Dhol Chollom #1: Gallery
  • Day 7: Manipuri Folk Song : Gallery
  • Why hurry Mapithel dam commissioning?
  • Hello, Dear Chief Minister
  • International Human Rights Day
  • Love in Car :: Poem
  • Army's assistance to accident victims
  • Conference: Handloom Sector Challenges
  • Nupi Lan -A reminder to respect women
  • Centrepiece: New Writing & Art from NE
  • NE artisans to get online platform
  • Nupi Lan comes: Double standard has to go
  • Day 10: Closing of Sangai Fest #2 : Gallery
  • Folk Tales of Manipur, Vol 1 : Book Review
  • Prize Distribution : Polo : Gallery
  • Day 4: Kangpokpi Cultural : Gallery
  • Sweet sixteen :: Poem
  • Nagaland CM respond to Neiphiu Rio
  • Jobs at NIELIT Kolkata
  • Jobs at Cobigent Technologies
  • Some positive introspective on FA
  • Deep divide FA: Scheduled human chain
  • Naga talks: Ravi to consult 5 Manipuris
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament : Gallery
  • Nupi Lan : Women's War Of Manipur
  • cYK_rb TwaI :: Seireng
  • Crowd @ Flower Festival @ Mao #1 : Gallery
  • Day 4: Folk Song @Kangjeibung #2 : Gallery
  • Naga peace & deals within rebel structure
  • Volunteers create worlds
  • Bishnupriya Manipuris call 101hr blockade
  • 3rd Flower Festival @ Mao #1 : Gallery
  • Day 7: Stalls @Khonangkhong #2 : Gallery
  • Day 5: Maibi Jagoi @Kangjeibung #2: Gallery
  • Day 5: Thang Ta @ BOAT #1 : Gallery
  • New Residential Design in Foothills
  • Accreditation of diagnostic laboratories
  • 'Swachh Hi Sewa' in Rono Hills by RGU
  • Jingle Bells Season 2 kicks off
  • Appointment for Faculty / Trainers
  • Humiliation to mother earth
  • Question to BJP: Mum on critical posers
  • WC seeks views for political solution
  • China taking keen interest on NE militancy
  • Tekcham Ranjita- FIFA Referee : Profile
  • Day 7 : Pherzawl Artistes : Gallery
  • Day 4: Kathak & Manipuri Dance: Gallery
  • Welcome Yongchak in Manipur household
  • US recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital
  • CADA Imphal Committee re-organized
  • Hopes for a new future
  • Make Orange Fest more meaningful
  • Day 3 : Night Scene @ Loktak #2 : Gallery
  • Three-headed men- Makok ahum :: Funga
  • Junior Boy's Inter District Football : Gallery
  • Day 6 : Thailand Dance #2 : Gallery
  • Day 6 : Artistes from Kamjong : Gallery
  • The Green Lotus :: Poem
  • FIFA honour for Manipur referee
  • Nothing on inter-state borders in FA
  • Urgent call to look in the function of COHSEM
  • Of collaboration ... Manipur and Nagaland
  • Day 10: Closing of Sangai Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Orange Festival @Tamenglong #1 : Gallery
  • Day 5: Mandalay Vs Manipur #2 : Gallery
  • AFC Transformation Challenge : Gallery
  • The Anglo-Kuki War 1917-1919
  • When rejection is more lethal than HIV
  • Walk-In: Guest Lecturers @Govt Polytechnic
  • Penguin Fever- literary festival in Shillong
  • NE Flavours opens in Delhi promote NE
  • Calls for Recreation
  • Setting a deadline before the Govt
  • Finals @ Polo International : Gallery
  • Day 5 : Pung Chollom : Gallery
  • Day 8: Trekking @Leimaton #2 : Gallery
  • Day 4 : Folk Song @ BOAT #1 : Gallery
  • Career options in banking
  • Of tongue cleaner and angels
  • Screening: Aribam Syam's Biopic @Delhi
  • Hiring Charge for BOAT
  • Sexual relation main reason for HIV
  • Preconceived mode of protest
  • Manipur and people : Take collective stand
  • Day 4 : Hmar Fahrel Tawklam : Gallery
  • Jadonang Football [11 Nov] : Gallery
  • Workshop on Nano Devices at IIT-G
  • Advent season 2017
  • Kovindji on Mirabai and Manipur
  • Jobs at Sanglakpam IT Solutions
  • Baking Assistant @Michelle's Bakery
  • Launch of North East Flavours, Delhi
  • Protests against eviction of tribals
  • K Radhakumar's Atopa Shangsar Amada
  • Reminding the issue of permit system
  • Time for State BJP to state stand
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament #1 : Gallery
  • Day 10 : Fashion Show #1 : Gallery
  • Day 9 : Heritage Park : Gallery
  • Day 6 : Qawwali @ BOAT : Gallery
  • Challenges before media w.r.t Manipur
  • Development in Jiribam & Pherzawl #2
  • Recruitment mode of Asst Prof
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Day 3 : Night Scene @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • Community gardening @Ema Keithel: Gallery
  • Day 6: 'Reel of Dance' #1 : Gallery
  • Day 6: Pamyanlon Folk Dance : Gallery
  • Thus spake the moonstruck :: Poem
  • 1st Double Renal Angioplasty in Manipur
  • Rohingya crisis: Talk at Philippine University
  • Getting the big picture
  • Gold after 2 decade: Sports Powerhouse
  • Day 9: Robert Naorem's Fashion : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Day 9: Phoushu Jagoi : Gallery
  • Day 2: Dhol Dholok Cholom : Gallery
  • 11th Manipur Polo International #2 :: Gallery
  • Govt needs tool for Sangai Fest Impact study
  • Royal Crematorium at Bangkok #1 : Gallery
  • Araang League 2017 (Football) @Ukhrul
  • Celebrating World AIDS Day
  • The good & some bad of Sangai Fest
  • International Kang Tournament : Gallery
  • Day 8: Trekking @Leimaton #1 : Gallery
  • Day 4: Kom Dance performance : Gallery
  • Sangai Run-Marathon @Sendra #3 :: Gallery
  • Is it Meetei or Meitei ?
  • The Buddha's Metta and Karuna #4
  • MUTA Colloquium Series : Vision for MU
  • Is our legal system responsible ?
  • Unique history of Nagas ... of Manipur
  • NSF memo to Prez 'for solution before polls'
  • Day 8: Hiyang Tanaba #1 : Gallery
  • Day 7: Stalls @Khonangkhong #1: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Leisem Jagoi : Gallery
  • 'One never stops learning in Polo'
  • Cherry Blossoms as a catalyst of change..
  • Mining tussles in Manipur
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process :: Articles
  • Free media: hope for success of democracy
  • Far sight leader in Muivah: Looking beyond
  • Day 7: Night Scene (Hot Air Balloon) : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 7: Fashion Show #1 : Gallery
  • Opening: Jadonang Football #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 6: Thai Dance : Gallery
  • Supertree - Kannimara Mahavriksha
  • Beware of women centric cyber offences
  • Understanding education
  • No longer 'communal Govt'
  • Imphal Art Camp @Kangla: Gallery
  • Maibi Jagoi @Kangjeibung #1 : Gallery
  • Final: Hazari/Tombi Polo #2 :: Gallery
  • 22nd Winners' Cup (Football) #2 :: Gallery
  • Day 5: Mandalay Vs Manipur #1 : Gallery
  • Khongjhom Parva / Maring Dance :: Gallery
  • Dhanamanjuri Kang Tournament :: Gallery
  • Day 2: Thang Ta performance : Gallery
  • Day 2: Basanta Ras/Dasa Avataar : Gallery
  • Felicitation of Manipuri students at B'desh
  • Dr. Ngaseppam Iboyaima : Awarded in food
  • Day 3 : Pureiromba Naheirol :: Gallery
  • 3rd NE Fashion Week @Itanagar :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2 : MMTA Adventure :: Gallery
  • Hazari/Tombi Polo [7 Nov] :: Gallery
  • Miss Kut #5 :: Gallery
  • Inaugural Day Sangai Festival :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #5 :: Gallery
  • Kokkhum Festival #2 :: Gallery
  • Culturals @Mera Houchongba #2 :: Gallery
  • Kang Chingba @ Wangkhei :: Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #7 : Ooba
  • 'Weaves of Ching-tam' @London :: Gallery
  • Priyogopal (Senior Artist)- Photo :: eRang
  • Paonam Lily (Archery) Reception :: Gallery
  • U-17 Footballer honored by Guv :: Gallery
  • Pui Thangamliu -Photos #1 :: eRang
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • SPONSORED ADS