TODAY -

E-Pao :: Manipur :: Ethnic Races :: SALHTE (SUKTE)

SALHTE (SUKTE)

This Kuki-Chin ethnic race is enlisted as Salhte in the scheduled list. But they are commonly known as Tiddim Chin even though they claim their name to be 'Sukte'. Their geographical Distribution includes 16(sixteen) villages viz, Moreh in Chandel district, New Lamka-G, Simbuk, Tanglon(T), Tonglon (P), Rakwal, Sumcheavum,Tangnuam, Pangzawl, Lanva, Singhat, Suangdai, Behiang, Behiang(T), Suangphuk and Tingkangphai in Churachandpur district.

According to the official record of 1981 census, there were only 5 Salhtes. The president of the Chin Youth Association, New Lamka says that they have strength of about 3,500 individuals.

The Suktes (derived from 'Sokte') believed that their original progenitors commenced life at Chin Nwe and they affirmed that the ethnic name of Sokte bears out this theory. 'Sok' or 'Shok' means 'to go down' or 'below' and 'te' is the plural affix applied to persons and hence the name Sokte implies those who went south or below the parent village to settle.

Besides, Molbem to the south of Chin Nwe was the original capital of the Sokte (Sukte) tribe (B.S.Carey and H.N.Tuck in the Chin Hills vol. I, p 118). Suktes arrived at Manipur in 1906 (according to K. Hatzo, Haosa Tonglon(T) village, C.C.Pur).

The Sukte wear Puondun, Tangching (men's cloth), Puonlaisan (for men); Nikphei (skirt), Zounik(skirt), Khepheu( for women) etc. Their economy mainly depends on agriculture. They live in houses made on raised platform.

Their village level administration is carried on by Housa, a hereditary Post and a council of Upa, which are nominated officials from Beh (leaders) of lineages. There are 36 lineages of the Suktes. Publicity is done by one so-called Tangkou.

In the past days, in every Sukte village there used to be a blacksmith or Sikek as he is called. There is also a village medicant known as Sempu. After the site for jhum cultivation is selected by the authorities, the land allocation is conducted by the council.

The Housa is given a foreleg for each animal killed by members of the village. While reckoning the inheritance of property and succession to rice barn or fields, it is determined by way of primogeniture that means the eldest son is the rightful heir. When a female sibling comes back as divorcee or widow, she has obligation to him and stays in his house.

When a child is one year old, naming ceremony is solemnized. For this the child's mother's brother brings a jar of rice beer. Sempu gives the first extraction of the beer (machin) to the mother. The chicken meat is served and the child is given using the last letter of the grandparents as its initial letter.

Marriage with cousin or in other word, marriage with the maternal uncle's daughter is preferred. For their institution, the parents engage before reaching the marriage partners' puberty and assurance is endowed as Yuthol in the Sukte literature.

When they attain maturity, it is remained and confirmed by another gift or Yu from the boy's side to the girl's residence and it is known as Moupiching. However, the spouse is not allowed to have physical relation and for this the girl sleeps with a girl friend during this period.

After the completion of one month the Sempu takes off the restriction ritualistically. The husband can initiate a Divorce on the ground of barrenness, otherwise; he has to give a mithun to the divorced woman. Dead are kept in jungle or at particular places to decay into skeleton.

Then the bones, except the skull are buried. The dead are given food at regular intervals. These involvements are however predominantly a pre-Christian custom. The pre-Christians Suktes also performed many festivals.

Khobol is the festival of sowing and prayer for rainfall in the month of Dota (April-May). Khodon is observed for 5-7 days in Vulkha (Oct.) and it is the harvesting festival.

The Suktes at Tiddim Chin grew maize and so, it is held in October even though Suktes of Manipur grew rice and it falls before harvesting. Saai is the festival hosted by a good hunter.

The man who has a yield of good crop that year hosts Tangai in the name of his wife. Galai is the confirmatory festival hosted by men to achieve higher status.

In the post-Christian period none of the pre-Christian festivals except for Khobol and Khodou are performed.




Manindra Konsam from Sanathong wrote this article.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Kwatha Festival #2 : Gallery
  • ChingTam Ningol Chakouba @Goa: Gallery
  • Thoudam Kaoba :: Profile of Polo Player
  • The festival of the Inpui Nagas
  • IGAR (s) celebrates Ningol Chakkouba
  • Muslim Org met with Union Minority Minister
  • Thadou Students' condemns Assam Rifles
  • AR condemns the claims of TSA
  • Maintaining traffic regulation is important ..
  • Pony preservation still remains a far cry
  • Hazari/Tombi Polo Tournament : Gallery
  • X-Jam 2018 (Sports) #1 : Gallery
  • Ashok Veilou (Purul) award in Kolkata fest
  • Sanamahism was threat to Hinduism
  • Digital Impact on HR Practice : Review
  • Biodiversity for economic development #1
  • The Visitor :: Poem
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Yoilumba, Chiranglen, Chingjaroi :: eMing
  • Pukning Pothasang: Women Mental Health
  • Scaramouche, Fandango, Galileo, Figaro..
  • A cry for survival: an appeal for unity
  • Who will answer our questions ?
  • Seminar : Challenges in Local Self Govt
  • Tourism and Sangai Festival
  • New leader at MSCW
  • Laija (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Dubai #2 : Gallery
  • Countdown to Manipur Polo International
  • Education for 21st century jobs
  • The corrupt tiger
  • Can you stop falling rain :: Poem
  • Scholars translate celebrated Nepali..
  • Of harassment at Imphal-Moreh Route
  • Need for a strong Opposition
  • Lamklai Kummoi Maring Fest #2: Gallery
  • National School Games- Fencing: Gallery
  • We want the ring...
  • The Queen's Heart :: Poem
  • Education of heart: Heart of Education
  • Mao - The Revolutionary
  • Discussion on India-Vietnam Relation
  • Sangai of the Sangai festival
  • Jarnail in his element
  • Tough road awaits Sarita in World Boxing
  • ACAUT says NNPGs unable to rein..
  • State has no say in ILP - Conrad
  • Ningol Chakouba @ MBC #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Nga Mela #2 : Gallery
  • Rajkumar Jhaljit : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism in Meitei Nation #2
  • Ningol Chakouba :: Poem
  • World Diabetes Day 2018
  • Bartending as a career option
  • The unintended windfall
  • Issues before the Parliamentary polls
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #3: Gallery
  • Rock Show at X-Jam 2018 : Gallery
  • Bloody Phanek wins at Signs Festival
  • Gender Equality & Development :: Book
  • I am friend of India for life- Japanese PM
  • 2019 Commonwealth Scholarship in UK
  • 55th Nagas' Meet at New Delhi
  • Black money and the dream-merchants
  • What steps to address traffic chaos ?
  • Govt extends ban on seven Meitei groups
  • It won't be easy for Mary Kom - Nieva
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Mysore #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Dubai #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 54 :: Poem
  • Religious education- Part of our life
  • Free Heart Camp at Kakching Bazar
  • Jobs at Gyan Jyoti Foundation
  • Nothing seems change; everything remains
  • Predatory instinct of man: Targeting 'Manipur'
  • Lihaaz- Classical Music at IIT Guwahati
  • Mera Wayungba #1 : Gallery
  • L Modhuchandra : Young Scientist Award
  • Chavang Kut celebrated in Delhi
  • Temple runs for a pilgrim's journey
  • First day of All India Young Writers' Festival
  • Ningol Chakkouba in era of materials
  • Constitutional breakdown in governance
  • Attacked on Environment Defenders
  • Kut festival @ Chandel : Gallery
  • Mega Marathon Manipur #2 : Gallery
  • Karen people's pursuit for survival..
  • Glamorous Maniac & their new single
  • City bus for high end of society- Why not?
  • Youth Leadership Camp at Yairipok
  • Course in Political Science at NEHU
  • Of Indian Constitution
  • Ningol Chakouba @ MBC #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Nga Mela #1 : Gallery
  • NH7 Weekender @Meghalaya #2 : Gallery
  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism in Meitei Nation #1
  • Old Man in the Winter :: Poem
  • Drawing inspiration from Dave Mustaine
  • Condemns attack on Agnes Kharshiing
  • NEUFC Fan Park celebrates
  • Achievement lists of PDA is 'Boring'
  • MPP : Down but not out
  • Ningol - mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Kwatha Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba: Biggest fest of Manipuri
  • Mizoram Under the British Rule :: Book
  • Dr. Udit Raj: a Crusader
  • Undisclosed #MeToo campaign in Manipur?
  • Drought :: Poem
  • When Money matters, sincerity is out..
  • Detaining two more at Jiribam
  • Ningol Chakkouba : Flash Presentation
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #1: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Those Sparks and Sounds
  • Manipur from Independence to Merger #2
  • Understanding RSS :: Book Review
  • Cry of a Dying River - 53 :: Poem
  • A take on Freedom of Media
  • Pay of private school teachers
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #2: Gallery
  • Art Festival @ Imphal : Gallery
  • 26 month left to meet AIDS 90-90-90 target
  • Tengnoumanbi- Essential food item ..
  • Dr Abdul Kalam vision of transforming India
  • A Wintry Landscape :: Poem
  • 'Say no to Lead Paints'
  • Completing bigger task
  • Biomedical wastes: Health, ecology at stake
  • NIA files chargesheet against 5 NSCN (K)
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Kolkata : Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #3: Gallery
  • Irony of idea of communal harmony
  • Blood Donation at RGU, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Career opportunities in Ecology #2
  • Down the Country Road :: Poem
  • Change of season: Prepare for winter
  • Govt forgotten promises to improve traffic
  • ATC demand: Setback to pluralistic Manipur
  • Mega Marathon Manipur #1 : Gallery
  • Descent & inheritance among Zeliangrong
  • Constituent Assembly Of India & NEFA #3
  • Seminar : Reforming Teaching-Learning
  • Attitude :: Poem
  • Tourism: A key sector in the world
  • NH7 Weekender Meghalaya : Day 2 Report
  • Early solution in Manipur difficult : Army
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • NH7 Weekender @Meghalaya #1 : Gallery
  • Pukning Pothasang: Suicide prevention
  • Where have all the flowers gone? Khurkhul
  • Engaging Failed State :: Book Review
  • eNorth East Award 2018
  • Song of a Tree :: Poem
  • NH7 Weekender 2018 Kicks Off
  • Unsolved case of Pravish Chanam
  • Imphal Jamboree : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Manipur from Independence to Merger #1
  • A beacon of hope
  • Mishing tribe of Assam
  • Ransomware that made the world cry
  • State Level Painting Competition
  • A suggestion for a strong democracy
  • Issues before Parliamentary polls
  • Kut Festival @ Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • HIV : Gap between research & impact
  • My Tryst With Manipur : A Memoir :: Review
  • Cultural heritage (Kut fete)
  • Bleeding inside Brain treated at SKY
  • Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Meet
  • In Her Arms Of Death :: Poem
  • Pravish Chanam : No Action by CBI
  • Assam Don Bosco : University of the Year
  • NH7 Weekender 2018 in Meghalaya
  • Media that criticize are not your enemy, CM
  • MU limping back to normalcy
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #1: Gallery
  • Happy Kut Wishes :: Flash Presentation
  • November Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Weavers training for Mamit , Mizoram
  • Diwali Lagao : Mapugidi Munda
  • Career opportunities in Ecology
  • Jobs at Trueblue, Taxi Service, Imphal
  • CM should not let this opportunity out..
  • Where will Oct 31, 2018 stand ?
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #2: Gallery
  • Kut Festival :: Series of Articles
  • Comedian Huirem Manglem passed away
  • Constituent Assembly Of India & NEFA #2
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Chalwa Village in Kangpokpi #3 : Gallery
  • NEROCA Vs East Bengal : Gallery
  • Fashion Show: Lamklai Kummoi: Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #1: Gallery
  • Sanjenbam Bhanumati Devi : Kavyabhusan
  • Eepan Thaba #1: Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #3
  • Narmada Sougaijam - Natl Konkan Award
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba : Unity - hill & valley
  • Khong: significance in Zeliangrong culture-1
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Floral Tribute #2: Gallery
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #2 : Gallery
  • Pari Imom (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #3 : Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba #3 : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural evening : Gallery
  • Tarpon Sonba : Gallery
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS