TODAY -

E-Pao :: Manipur :: Ethnic Races :: SALHTE (SUKTE)

SALHTE (SUKTE)

This Kuki-Chin ethnic race is enlisted as Salhte in the scheduled list. But they are commonly known as Tiddim Chin even though they claim their name to be 'Sukte'. Their geographical Distribution includes 16(sixteen) villages viz, Moreh in Chandel district, New Lamka-G, Simbuk, Tanglon(T), Tonglon (P), Rakwal, Sumcheavum,Tangnuam, Pangzawl, Lanva, Singhat, Suangdai, Behiang, Behiang(T), Suangphuk and Tingkangphai in Churachandpur district.

According to the official record of 1981 census, there were only 5 Salhtes. The president of the Chin Youth Association, New Lamka says that they have strength of about 3,500 individuals.

The Suktes (derived from 'Sokte') believed that their original progenitors commenced life at Chin Nwe and they affirmed that the ethnic name of Sokte bears out this theory. 'Sok' or 'Shok' means 'to go down' or 'below' and 'te' is the plural affix applied to persons and hence the name Sokte implies those who went south or below the parent village to settle.

Besides, Molbem to the south of Chin Nwe was the original capital of the Sokte (Sukte) tribe (B.S.Carey and H.N.Tuck in the Chin Hills vol. I, p 118). Suktes arrived at Manipur in 1906 (according to K. Hatzo, Haosa Tonglon(T) village, C.C.Pur).

The Sukte wear Puondun, Tangching (men's cloth), Puonlaisan (for men); Nikphei (skirt), Zounik(skirt), Khepheu( for women) etc. Their economy mainly depends on agriculture. They live in houses made on raised platform.

Their village level administration is carried on by Housa, a hereditary Post and a council of Upa, which are nominated officials from Beh (leaders) of lineages. There are 36 lineages of the Suktes. Publicity is done by one so-called Tangkou.

In the past days, in every Sukte village there used to be a blacksmith or Sikek as he is called. There is also a village medicant known as Sempu. After the site for jhum cultivation is selected by the authorities, the land allocation is conducted by the council.

The Housa is given a foreleg for each animal killed by members of the village. While reckoning the inheritance of property and succession to rice barn or fields, it is determined by way of primogeniture that means the eldest son is the rightful heir. When a female sibling comes back as divorcee or widow, she has obligation to him and stays in his house.

When a child is one year old, naming ceremony is solemnized. For this the child's mother's brother brings a jar of rice beer. Sempu gives the first extraction of the beer (machin) to the mother. The chicken meat is served and the child is given using the last letter of the grandparents as its initial letter.

Marriage with cousin or in other word, marriage with the maternal uncle's daughter is preferred. For their institution, the parents engage before reaching the marriage partners' puberty and assurance is endowed as Yuthol in the Sukte literature.

When they attain maturity, it is remained and confirmed by another gift or Yu from the boy's side to the girl's residence and it is known as Moupiching. However, the spouse is not allowed to have physical relation and for this the girl sleeps with a girl friend during this period.

After the completion of one month the Sempu takes off the restriction ritualistically. The husband can initiate a Divorce on the ground of barrenness, otherwise; he has to give a mithun to the divorced woman. Dead are kept in jungle or at particular places to decay into skeleton.

Then the bones, except the skull are buried. The dead are given food at regular intervals. These involvements are however predominantly a pre-Christian custom. The pre-Christians Suktes also performed many festivals.

Khobol is the festival of sowing and prayer for rainfall in the month of Dota (April-May). Khodon is observed for 5-7 days in Vulkha (Oct.) and it is the harvesting festival.

The Suktes at Tiddim Chin grew maize and so, it is held in October even though Suktes of Manipur grew rice and it falls before harvesting. Saai is the festival hosted by a good hunter.

The man who has a yield of good crop that year hosts Tangai in the name of his wife. Galai is the confirmatory festival hosted by men to achieve higher status.

In the post-Christian period none of the pre-Christian festivals except for Khobol and Khodou are performed.




Manindra Konsam from Sanathong wrote this article.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO!
  • Centenary of Rani Gaidinliu : Gallery
  • The Colours of Development
  • A day full of dance and music
  • Cultural changes is man's greatest falls
  • The Resurgent Thadou Politics
  • 66th Republic Day @Kangla #2: Gallery
  • wahH ? :: Seireng
  • Education is not about competition/merit
  • Seminar on mortality at JNU
  • Manipuri balladeer, 89, to perform in Delhi
  • Tulihal sees hope in new AAI boss
  • Delhi's new initiatives for NE
  • The Killing Fields (2013/14/15) :: Timeline
  • Politicians can learn from Yangmaso Shaiza
  • India-US bonhomie & reality check
  • Release of Sharmila & an insensitive State
  • Tamenglong #34: Wallpaper Download
  • When a Star Fell : Poem
  • 66th Republic Day @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Revisiting Pacha's Imphal.critical prism #1
  • Take God's Hand
  • Thadou Dance @Chandel: Gallery
  • PhD admission 2015, IIT, Gandhinagar
  • World Wetlands Day, 2015 at Thinungei
  • Dr. Palin among 25 Healthcare Influencers
  • NE Community members donate blood
  • I-League Pre-Match: Pune vs Lajong FC
  • Is Assam in India, asked at Taj Mahal
  • From the days of Fiats & Ambassadors
  • Making religion a force for unity
  • Khodrak Waterways @Bishenpur: Gallery
  • Gaireimei, Adinbou : eMing
  • The ethics of life
  • Tourism undertaking : A toxic din
  • The Heart of the Matter : Poem
  • Understanding Rabies
  • Walkathon: Road Safety Week #2: Gallery
  • R-Day: Prize Distribution: Gallery
  • Jobs @CloudZack Tech, Imphal
  • Jobs @SKY Hospital, Imphal
  • Discussion on Mapithel Dam at Chadong
  • MSAD's letter to President Barak Obama
  • CFMG chairman responds to NSCN(I-M)
  • Gaidinliu anniv at Raj Bhavan, Kohima
  • The game of Polo symbolizes #1
  • Tamils Pongal at Moreh #1: Gallery
  • Rani Gaidinliu at a glance
  • Jigsaw Puzzle #2 :: Story
  • Mass Grave Protest @Keishampat: Gallery
  • 66th Republic Day @Kangla #1: Gallery
  • NE women problems in metropolises #2
  • Revolution, Thy Name Is Woman
  • Scholarships: C4 Photosynthesis
  • Sharmila, Make By India Campaign
  • NE's rice beer has therapeutic value
  • DoNER camps in NE for redressal
  • Rani Gaidinliu remembered on 100th anniv
  • Four blasts near R-Day function venue
  • 66th Republic Day @Imphal #1: Gallery
  • Sharmila's arrest: return to absurd ritual
  • What lies beneath?
  • Entrance exams ahead: Time to be prepared
  • Kerala model of development, Analysis #2
  • Mathang gi Yengningthada #2: Gallery
  • Redemption :: Poem
  • Momocha awarded Vayu Sena Medal
  • Helping man's best friend #2: Gallery
  • I-League Report: Shillong Lajong Vs Mumbai
  • Dog Vaccination Programme at Moirang
  • Six from Northeast get Padma awards
  • Lift suspension on NE trade policy
  • Men in uniform: Harassing the public
  • Khuman Lampak :: 360 Panorama
  • Do we need Sanamahi & Umang Lai #4
  • Sweat after Life : Poem
  • Hypothyroidism: patient needs to know #2
  • Nupi Sabis of Manipur #2
  • Tobacco Free Institutions: Gallery
  • Irom Sharmila released #2: Gallery
  • Natl Games, Manipur contingent: Gallery
  • National Voters Day observed
  • Pre-Match Report: Lajong vs Mumbai
  • Nehginpao conferred PhD degree
  • Condemns re-arrest of Irom Sharmila
  • Hoo Chage #3 :: eRang
  • Climate Change & Global Warming
  • Not prescribed for young tots
  • Manglaba Angangs :: Poem
  • A nostalgic moment of a lifetime
  • Il Buono, il bruto, il cattivo
  • SC Judgement on Transgenders..illusion
  • NE blips on Delhi air plans
  • Jobs @Regional Mental Health, Assam
  • Sharmila should not be rearrested
  • Drama of release and re-arrest
  • Between the lines writ on the wall
  • Irom Sharmila re-arrested : Gallery
  • Yubi Lakpi #2 : Gallery
  • The Last Tears : Poem
  • Helping man's best friend: Gallery
  • PhD Programme at IIT, Indore
  • WIM Cup 2014: football at Bangalore
  • Ibopishak Memorial Football Tournament
  • Vistara to start flights to NE India
  • Irom Sharmila released #1: Gallery
  • Condition of ISBT, Imphal: Gallery
  • CC Meet: TRUGPU Vs TRAU #4 : Gallery
  • Rupali Longjam - Miss NE #2 :: eRang
  • RIST Lecture: 'Embedded System' @MU
  • Cassay Horse trails & Eastern Gate #2
  • Sanarembi Cheishra : Funga
  • Dr. Naorem Bidyasagar : Akademi Award
  • Snowfall in Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Puya Mei Thakhibagi Kumon : Gallery
  • TRAU : Complete Team Player Profile
  • TRUGPU : Complete Team Player Profile
  • CC Meet: 2nd Semi: MOM: Gallery
  • CC Meet: 1st Semi: MOM: Gallery
  • Reshmi Sorokhaibam #3 :: eRang
  • Laihui presents Hada Shamaton :: Ooba
  • Delhi Discrimination Survey: Download
  • SPONSORED ADS