TODAY -

E-Pao :: Manipur :: Ethnic Races :: SALHTE (SUKTE)

SALHTE (SUKTE)

This Kuki-Chin ethnic race is enlisted as Salhte in the scheduled list. But they are commonly known as Tiddim Chin even though they claim their name to be 'Sukte'. Their geographical Distribution includes 16(sixteen) villages viz, Moreh in Chandel district, New Lamka-G, Simbuk, Tanglon(T), Tonglon (P), Rakwal, Sumcheavum,Tangnuam, Pangzawl, Lanva, Singhat, Suangdai, Behiang, Behiang(T), Suangphuk and Tingkangphai in Churachandpur district.

According to the official record of 1981 census, there were only 5 Salhtes. The president of the Chin Youth Association, New Lamka says that they have strength of about 3,500 individuals.

The Suktes (derived from 'Sokte') believed that their original progenitors commenced life at Chin Nwe and they affirmed that the ethnic name of Sokte bears out this theory. 'Sok' or 'Shok' means 'to go down' or 'below' and 'te' is the plural affix applied to persons and hence the name Sokte implies those who went south or below the parent village to settle.

Besides, Molbem to the south of Chin Nwe was the original capital of the Sokte (Sukte) tribe (B.S.Carey and H.N.Tuck in the Chin Hills vol. I, p 118). Suktes arrived at Manipur in 1906 (according to K. Hatzo, Haosa Tonglon(T) village, C.C.Pur).

The Sukte wear Puondun, Tangching (men's cloth), Puonlaisan (for men); Nikphei (skirt), Zounik(skirt), Khepheu( for women) etc. Their economy mainly depends on agriculture. They live in houses made on raised platform.

Their village level administration is carried on by Housa, a hereditary Post and a council of Upa, which are nominated officials from Beh (leaders) of lineages. There are 36 lineages of the Suktes. Publicity is done by one so-called Tangkou.

In the past days, in every Sukte village there used to be a blacksmith or Sikek as he is called. There is also a village medicant known as Sempu. After the site for jhum cultivation is selected by the authorities, the land allocation is conducted by the council.

The Housa is given a foreleg for each animal killed by members of the village. While reckoning the inheritance of property and succession to rice barn or fields, it is determined by way of primogeniture that means the eldest son is the rightful heir. When a female sibling comes back as divorcee or widow, she has obligation to him and stays in his house.

When a child is one year old, naming ceremony is solemnized. For this the child's mother's brother brings a jar of rice beer. Sempu gives the first extraction of the beer (machin) to the mother. The chicken meat is served and the child is given using the last letter of the grandparents as its initial letter.

Marriage with cousin or in other word, marriage with the maternal uncle's daughter is preferred. For their institution, the parents engage before reaching the marriage partners' puberty and assurance is endowed as Yuthol in the Sukte literature.

When they attain maturity, it is remained and confirmed by another gift or Yu from the boy's side to the girl's residence and it is known as Moupiching. However, the spouse is not allowed to have physical relation and for this the girl sleeps with a girl friend during this period.

After the completion of one month the Sempu takes off the restriction ritualistically. The husband can initiate a Divorce on the ground of barrenness, otherwise; he has to give a mithun to the divorced woman. Dead are kept in jungle or at particular places to decay into skeleton.

Then the bones, except the skull are buried. The dead are given food at regular intervals. These involvements are however predominantly a pre-Christian custom. The pre-Christians Suktes also performed many festivals.

Khobol is the festival of sowing and prayer for rainfall in the month of Dota (April-May). Khodon is observed for 5-7 days in Vulkha (Oct.) and it is the harvesting festival.

The Suktes at Tiddim Chin grew maize and so, it is held in October even though Suktes of Manipur grew rice and it falls before harvesting. Saai is the festival hosted by a good hunter.

The man who has a yield of good crop that year hosts Tangai in the name of his wife. Galai is the confirmatory festival hosted by men to achieve higher status.

In the post-Christian period none of the pre-Christian festivals except for Khobol and Khodou are performed.




Manindra Konsam from Sanathong wrote this article.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO!
  • ILP Protest @Wangkhei: Gallery
  • Eid-ul-Fitr at Hatta : Gallery
  • Manipur Clinics Registration Act, 1992
  • How Facebook Changed Me
  • Direct Admission for NE in Govt seat
  • Law, Punishment & Fear : Poem
  • Happy Eid Mubarak 2014 : Artwork
  • Reception of Myanmar Medical Team at Shija
  • NAMA Convention San Francisco- A Report
  • ILP agitation suspended for Eid
  • Manipur trains Myanmar doctors
  • NDA nudge to Naga talks
  • NE States' boundary to be resolved
  • ILP Students Protest @Kakching : Gallery
  • Meira paibi rally @Heirangoithong: Gallery
  • Ramdhan: enriching the heart
  • CAF&PD Protest @Kanglapat : Gallery
  • ILP protest @Lamlai : Gallery
  • Dessicating Diabetes : Poem
  • The Mizo Accord : Part 3
  • ILP protest @Thouda Bhabok: Gallery
  • ILP protest @Samurou: Gallery
  • Office Coordinator @CloudZack
  • A Statement On Gaza
  • NABARD to play a pivotal role
  • 'Democracyda achouba singnaba'
  • BMSA supports ILP demand
  • Condemn inhumanity act against Students
  • Free Hepatitis Detection Camp
  • HC reprieve for PLHIV
  • Coach the coaches
  • Devendro storms into QFs of CWG 2014
  • Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Ningthoujam Itomacha : Akademi Award
  • Cop, Cop, Manipur Cop
  • Wanglee, Rinshim: eMing Names
  • mnipur mnipur :: Seireng
  • ILP protest @Sagolband: Gallery
  • Women Vendors arrested : Gallery
  • ILP protest @Thoubal: Gallery
  • Reqts @Leaf Solutions, Imphal
  • Molestation charge against SAI coach
  • Without territorial limits
  • Ngangbam Shantikumar Interview
  • CAFPD Protest @Ghari: Gallery
  • Delhi is NE's fav job destination
  • HC issues contempt in NE lawyer case
  • Northeast migrant law call
  • Two Sisters 2 :: Artwork
  • Harmonic cadence of loving : Poem
  • Reqts @Sky Hospital, Imphal
  • Naga American Foundation at Oklahoma
  • Jugindra: Intl task force for health
  • IUCN Red List of threatened birds
  • NSCN-IM cadres before CJM: Gallery
  • General Strike by JCILPS: Gallery
  • DM College Students ILP Protest #4: Gallery
  • DM College Students ILP Protest #3: Gallery
  • Manipur Medal-miners Dig Deep Again
  • Strikes cripple life in Manipur
  • All about Inner Line Permit (ILP)
  • Economics of Inner Line Permit
  • ILP Protest @Canchipur: Gallery
  • Ibotonsana Students ILP Protest #2: Gallery
  • I Had Born In Manipur : Poem
  • Book Launch: Chin Refugees of Delhi
  • Free Cataract Operation: 09th batch
  • NEWAK condemn killing of Shaloni
  • 'CM on Lungthulien Rd is baseless'
  • CAFPD Protest @BT: Gallery
  • India-Myanmar Delegation Meeting
  • Condemning Muzzling Freedom Of Speech
  • Human Rights Defenders protest: Gallery
  • Ima Keithel ILP Protest #1: Gallery
  • ILP stir & State response
  • Threat perceptions/regulatory mechanism
  • Dzuko Lily in Dzuko valley #3: Gallery
  • Wahengbam Mathang : Veteran Sports
  • Medical incidents & doctor-patient conflict
  • Sex Education needs to be liberalised
  • FaceToFace: Photo Story Competition
  • An Old Shield in a City : Poem
  • Scholarships at University of Berlin
  • Patriotic Day Celebration at Bangalore
  • SMSU condemn brutal killing at Delhi
  • SDSA on situation in metropolitan cities
  • DM College Students ILP Protest #1: Gallery
  • DM College Students ILP Protest #2: Gallery
  • Samurou Students ILP Protest #1: Gallery
  • Condoning opportunistic rape
  • Mankind's irresponsibility & deforestation
  • Sanjita Kh wins India's first gold medal
  • Tribute to Akha Salouni
  • Heat Disaster
  • Detecting Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
  • Rhodes Youth Forum at Greece
  • Consultation on Development Injustice
  • Human Rights orgs targeted by politicians
  • HR personels reqt @CloudZack, Imphal
  • Jobs @Ministry of Justice, Govt of India
  • Johnstone Students ILP Protest: Gallery
  • Death Anniv: Rabina/Sanjit: Gallery
  • Mass condolence of Salouni at Karong
  • Shaloni: Mortal remains @Imphal: Gallery
  • Sports University: Greatest Birthday Gift
  • Culturals @BOI Anniv #3 : Gallery
  • Racism in Delhi :: News Timeline
  • CC Students ILP protest #2 : Gallery
  • Love that never really end : Poem
  • Skill Devpt in Food Processing @CFTRI
  • Interview with Cheisrah
  • Open Letter: Reg. Chingnungkok event
  • Training on Molecular Biology @CFTRI
  • Protest Meet Against Mapithel Dam
  • BJP Delhi stands for Northeast Citizen
  • MSAD Annual Magazine Maheiroi 2014
  • Hate crimes against people of North Eastern
  • Immunity for Soldiers Who Kill & Rape
  • Thangal Folk song :: Ooba Video
  • Development Injustice: Tiddim Eviction
  • We are making bad time a scapegoat
  • Dr Ng Shantikumar's Autobiography : Gallery
  • Murder Of NE BPO Worker at South Delhi
  • Meitei Mayek Script Exam at Pune result
  • Heikru Hidongba : Cultural History
  • Ngamkholen Haokip : Kala Akademi Award
  • Indo-Naga Ceasefire: An analysis #4
  • Nagaland & Manipur Governor : Gallery
  • Freshers' Annual Meet TSA-B : Gallery
  • Fundraiser Acoustic Music Concert @MDU
  • Thokchom Bonium :: Profile by Daniel
  • Thokchom Bonium :: Photo Gallery
  • Tangkhul Society under Siege?
  • JNIMS cease-work in protest : Gallery
  • Tamenglong #6: Wallpaper Download
  • Openings @Cobigent Tech, Imphal
  • Service Engineer @CloudZack Tech
  • Shirui Hills landscape #2 : Gallery
  • The taste of an Uoo-Morok
  • Longjam Nabadwip :Veteran Sportsperson
  • Natki Saktam : Fashion #9 : Gallery
  • Sharmila not produced, warrant issued
  • Fellowships @Research Network, UK
  • Research Fellowship @University of Oslo
  • Indo-Naga Talks :: News Timeline
  • Landscape of Andro #1 : Gallery
  • KEN- Manipur Boston Convention 2014
  • Mumbai Women's Intl Film fest
  • Dry Fish prep @Thanga : Gallery
  • Soma Laishram - Photos #3 :: eRang
  • Ramzan: One of five pillars of Islam
  • Death Anniv: Manorama #2: Gallery
  • View of Kangla: Gallery
  • Newman Hungshi : Akademi Award 2011
  • Kang Koiba @Ngariyan Ching : Gallery
  • MU Gate, Canchipur :: Panorama 360ø view
  • Interview with Potsangbam Renedy - #1
  • Bokulmakhong Imo - Classics : Radio
  • Lam-Tak Lam-Plek: Koireng Dance :: Ooba
  • Chayetpaa Tomnao #2 :: eRang
  • Ibudhou Chairellakpa at Thanga
  • Mega Fashion Handloom #1 : Gallery
  • Statements: 26th UN Human Rights Council
  • Birendrajit Naorem : A Profile
  • Pambei - Scenes from film #3 :: eRang
  • Interview with Junichi Kajioka
  • Soma Laishram : Actress Profile :: eRang
  • Pre-order Chingda Satpi for Mangka
  • SPONSORED ADS