TODAY -

E-Pao :: Manipur :: Ethnic Races :: SALHTE (SUKTE)

SALHTE (SUKTE)

This Kuki-Chin ethnic race is enlisted as Salhte in the scheduled list. But they are commonly known as Tiddim Chin even though they claim their name to be 'Sukte'. Their geographical Distribution includes 16(sixteen) villages viz, Moreh in Chandel district, New Lamka-G, Simbuk, Tanglon(T), Tonglon (P), Rakwal, Sumcheavum,Tangnuam, Pangzawl, Lanva, Singhat, Suangdai, Behiang, Behiang(T), Suangphuk and Tingkangphai in Churachandpur district.

According to the official record of 1981 census, there were only 5 Salhtes. The president of the Chin Youth Association, New Lamka says that they have strength of about 3,500 individuals.

The Suktes (derived from 'Sokte') believed that their original progenitors commenced life at Chin Nwe and they affirmed that the ethnic name of Sokte bears out this theory. 'Sok' or 'Shok' means 'to go down' or 'below' and 'te' is the plural affix applied to persons and hence the name Sokte implies those who went south or below the parent village to settle.

Besides, Molbem to the south of Chin Nwe was the original capital of the Sokte (Sukte) tribe (B.S.Carey and H.N.Tuck in the Chin Hills vol. I, p 118). Suktes arrived at Manipur in 1906 (according to K. Hatzo, Haosa Tonglon(T) village, C.C.Pur).

The Sukte wear Puondun, Tangching (men's cloth), Puonlaisan (for men); Nikphei (skirt), Zounik(skirt), Khepheu( for women) etc. Their economy mainly depends on agriculture. They live in houses made on raised platform.

Their village level administration is carried on by Housa, a hereditary Post and a council of Upa, which are nominated officials from Beh (leaders) of lineages. There are 36 lineages of the Suktes. Publicity is done by one so-called Tangkou.

In the past days, in every Sukte village there used to be a blacksmith or Sikek as he is called. There is also a village medicant known as Sempu. After the site for jhum cultivation is selected by the authorities, the land allocation is conducted by the council.

The Housa is given a foreleg for each animal killed by members of the village. While reckoning the inheritance of property and succession to rice barn or fields, it is determined by way of primogeniture that means the eldest son is the rightful heir. When a female sibling comes back as divorcee or widow, she has obligation to him and stays in his house.

When a child is one year old, naming ceremony is solemnized. For this the child's mother's brother brings a jar of rice beer. Sempu gives the first extraction of the beer (machin) to the mother. The chicken meat is served and the child is given using the last letter of the grandparents as its initial letter.

Marriage with cousin or in other word, marriage with the maternal uncle's daughter is preferred. For their institution, the parents engage before reaching the marriage partners' puberty and assurance is endowed as Yuthol in the Sukte literature.

When they attain maturity, it is remained and confirmed by another gift or Yu from the boy's side to the girl's residence and it is known as Moupiching. However, the spouse is not allowed to have physical relation and for this the girl sleeps with a girl friend during this period.

After the completion of one month the Sempu takes off the restriction ritualistically. The husband can initiate a Divorce on the ground of barrenness, otherwise; he has to give a mithun to the divorced woman. Dead are kept in jungle or at particular places to decay into skeleton.

Then the bones, except the skull are buried. The dead are given food at regular intervals. These involvements are however predominantly a pre-Christian custom. The pre-Christians Suktes also performed many festivals.

Khobol is the festival of sowing and prayer for rainfall in the month of Dota (April-May). Khodon is observed for 5-7 days in Vulkha (Oct.) and it is the harvesting festival.

The Suktes at Tiddim Chin grew maize and so, it is held in October even though Suktes of Manipur grew rice and it falls before harvesting. Saai is the festival hosted by a good hunter.

The man who has a yield of good crop that year hosts Tangai in the name of his wife. Galai is the confirmatory festival hosted by men to achieve higher status.

In the post-Christian period none of the pre-Christian festivals except for Khobol and Khodou are performed.




Manindra Konsam from Sanathong wrote this article.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO!
  • M.Sc. / Ph.D. at NIT, Silchar
  • Conference: State in NE India & SE Asia
  • UNAOC-EF Summer School at Tarry Town
  • Ojha Thanil: Great masters of Polo
  • Down's Syndrome- Every Child is Special
  • Elam Indira : reception function : Gallery
  • The way he looks at me.... :: Poem
  • Kanglupki Erang Famlanba Yaningde
  • Empowering essence of a woman
  • Remembering Paul Gangmei
  • Commemoration of the Battle of Tengnoupal
  • Drought like situation prevails
  • Highway blockade @Kanglatongbi : Gallery
  • Thoibi Loi-okpa by Laihui #4 :: Ooba Video
  • Sanjenbam Mani : Veteran Sportsperson
  • Voting: Inner LS @Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Walking with Racism in India: Where to GO?
  • Listing of Manipuri movies :: Android App
  • The Khongjom Day - 23rd Or 25th April
  • Easter Sunday - a New Hope
  • Developers @NetworkMaster, Imphal
  • Naoba's Chakhumang: Must for food
  • MHA plan for NE youths from militancy
  • National Fire Service Day : Gallery
  • Taming the wild forest fire
  • Revisiting the Lungnila story
  • Discourse On Gangte's Origin #1
  • 13th Shumang Lila Day : Gallery
  • Live with the Pain : Poem
  • Voting: Inner LS @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Good Friday Exalted The "cross"
  • The Hands Full Of Glory
  • Dingo Nameirakpam: Runners-Up at Mr NE
  • MTech at IIT Hyderabad without GATE score
  • Students: Yangon Univ & RIMS Imphal
  • Move to nail NSCN leader
  • Mikap Thokpa Numit : Gallery
  • The perfect solution
  • Polls over: Will it make any difference?
  • Voting: Inner LS @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Loktak Landscape #51: Wallpaper Download
  • Interview with Viagra Haze
  • Hurford Youth Fellows @Washington, DC
  • RIST, Imphal - Popular Talk @MU
  • Ching Kaba @Langjing : Gallery
  • Comparison of Election Manifestos
  • Sophia bags Gangte Attire Contest
  • White Paper on Ecotourism Conclave
  • Transgender Vs Gay
  • Wake Up Call To All Voters #3
  • Polling prep @Hatta Kangjeibung : Gallery
  • Sealing our fate, not the candidates'
  • Teaching vacancies at Banasthali University
  • Mouna Khatladi Si Ngaaktani : eRang
  • Ultrasound
  • Ginminlian, Lunzosang, Soitinkhup : eMing
  • Morok Metpada Jat Taba
  • Yet, it returned : Poem
  • Athoubashinggi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Maram Nungsetpa Khousa #2 : Gallery
  • Free Technology in Food business
  • Requirements at Feerol
  • SC opens : Transgenders win rights
  • Poll predictions
  • The slogan - Buy do not sell
  • Imphal-Jiri-Tupul rail #4 : Gallery
  • Electoral system: Redefining republic
  • GENERAX 2014, Fashion Show #2 : Gallery
  • Faces Deceptive : Poem
  • Youth Development Prog @Sugnu : Gallery
  • Athoubashinggi Numit Kodompokpi : Gallery
  • A. Helim Choudhury: Veteran Sportsperson
  • Anti-corruption Squad for Manipur
  • Security tightened for general LS seat
  • Ex-IAS officer pens book on troubled NE
  • Trainees reqt for AISM Solutions, Imphal
  • (Un)Free and (Un)Paid Media in NE
  • Matric Pass @Drama Fest : Gallery
  • Manipur Tennis League @THAU : Gallery
  • BJP women worker campaigning : Gallery
  • Wake Up Call To All Voters #2
  • The Election Trap : Poem
  • Thangjam Modhu: Veteran Sportsperson
  • Feminine Voice in Indian Television
  • 2 arrested for racist remark against NE
  • Air Naga: a mystery with no blip
  • Meinya's power versus Nara's confidence
  • JRF Exam of ICMR for Social Science
  • 70th Anniv. of Battle of Nungshigum
  • Wooing the discriminated voters
  • From excellent FM to weak PM ?
  • Miscreants attack two tourists in Manipur
  • Lexicon on 9 NE languages
  • Elam Indira - Padmashree : Profile
  • Palm Sunday
  • Elam Indira : Gallery
  • Wake Up Call To All Voters #1
  • Singzu Joint's "Making love in Imphal"
  • 164th Anniv of Narsingh : Gallery
  • Nungshi Paodam :: Poem
  • 5th Drawing Exhibition : Gallery
  • RIMS Post Graduate Assn (RPGA) Meet
  • A hard critical look inwards
  • Chongtham Benudhar : Veteran Sportsperson
  • Rise Of The Slumber Boots : Poem
  • Looking East from North East
  • Diamond Jubilee JN Dance #2 : Gallery
  • Outer P/C Polling @Thoubal : Gallery
  • Writer/blogger/journalist wanted at Likla
  • 10th Edu-Xpo 2014 : Gallery
  • Tea with Duggal
  • Understanding the attack on Preshaw
  • Thoibi Loi-okpa by Laihui #3 :: Ooba Video
  • Voting by SoO UG cadres : Gallery
  • 'Unplugged' at OUGRI Fest: Gallery
  • hLlQKidraba ceQla maca :: Seireng
  • Aquarium Exhibit/Flower show : Gallery
  • Outer P/C Polling @Chandel : Gallery
  • Thai team arrival @RajBhavan: Gallery
  • paIKYlage KorjEse :: Seireng
  • Outer P/C Polling @Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Outer P/C Polling #2 : Gallery
  • Outer P/C Polling #1 : Gallery
  • State Central Library : Gallery
  • Melissa & Lavanya's robotics campaign
  • Laikangbam Ongbi Inaobi : Gallery
  • Oinam Chanchan - Singer #3 :: eRang Photos
  • Battle of Kameng (WWII) : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba : Learn Manipuri script
  • Manoharmayum Manihar- Innovator :Gallery
  • Lamphel DC Gate :: Panorama 360ø view
  • Me Mom and Sister : Artwork
  • Moirangthem Surma Chanu :: eRang Singer
  • Nandaraj Nongmaithem: Lalit Kala Awardee
  • Meichak :: eRang Classic Movie
  • SPONSORED ADS