TODAY -

E-Pao :: Manipur :: Ethnic Races :: Aimol

AIMOL

The Aimols, one of the Scheduled tribes of the Indian Union inhabits three (3) districts in Manipur. According to the estimation of the Aimol Tribe Union in 1995, their population was about 3,300 but the 1981 census indicated their population as being1862. They are mainly concentrated in the Chandel district of the state and occupy foothill areas bordering the valley in the southeastern part.

The villages wherein the Aimols are mostly distributed in the state of Manipur are Unapal, Satu, Kumiei, Chingnunghut, Aimol Tampak, Khodamphai, Ngarong Aimol, Chandonpokpi, Soibong (Khudengthabi) at the Chandel District and Kha-Aimol, Luichungbum village at the Churachandpur district.

The distribution pattern will certainly show that the tribe does not occupy a well-defined territory and that they have shifted their settlement sites from place to place in the past. The ethnic affinity of the Aimol has been placed amidst moat of the neighboring tribes of Southern part of Manipur bordering Burma and the Lushai and had classified as one of Kuki-Chin-Mizo (Lushai) group by many writers.

Linguistically too, they are classified amongst the old Kuki branch of Kuki section, Burmic Division of Sino-Tibetan Language. However the Aimols prefer to live independent of any affiliation and prefer to maintain a distinctive identity of their own. Embracing all their villages they formed in 1991, the Aimol Tribe union for promotion of Solidarity and safeguarding of it's identity.

Etymologically the name Aimol corresponds to a past habit of the people and the word is derived from a word, which means 'roots'. 'Ai' is a small ginger like plant, which is found in wild abundance on the spur of hill 'Mol'. This place is said to be somewhere in the present Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram. The oral tradition (unwritten history) traced the Aimol ethno genesis to an uncertain cave at Khweps from which the people had been believed to have emerged from under the Earth.

As they came out of the cave, a tiger blocked their way despite many attempts. Two clever persons PuKorthangpu and Korthangpi weaved a cloth named Laijtang having the same color as the tiger. Taking help of appearance of the woven cloth, PuKorthangpu convinced the tiger that they were of the same kind and proposed friendship.

The Tiger did not eat him. The Tiger was then killed with spear while it was tamed. From there, passing many places of Tripura, they went to Burma where the advancement was checked by Kabaow Shans. Shakespear in Lushai Kuki Clans; 1912, 149, marked the appearance of the Aimol in Manipur in 1723.

Concerning the dress and ornaments, the Aimols mention Shekili, Hulike Chu, Laijiak, Punthal, Shorte, Panchai, Shuihboh, Puante, Puandum as males' while that of the females are Khamtang, Kuwapaam, Shenchil, Aitang, Reinuam, Khongkhihmor and Saipikhup.

The traditional house of the Aimol people reveals much similarity in the general look with those of the Meiteis, Purums etc living in their close proximity. It is a rectangular box type with slanting crest roof. The length-breath ratio is roughly 1:3 or 1:5. The number of compartments would be either 3 or 5 in number.

The houses are basically made of wood, bamboo and mud and roofing material used being thatch. Around the dwelling house, one will notice satellite sheds generally used as granary storehouse, cattle shed, and pig stall. The direction of houses is always towards the east, facing the rising sun. Now, the modern Aimol would prefer using modern factory products as house building materials.

The Aimol families are largely small to medium in size. The families are by composition of nuclear type comprising of parents and children. Men marry commonly in age group of 22-27 while girls mostly marry between 16-21 years of age.

Most of the literate person have studied upto standard X (ten). Their main occupation is agriculture and allied activities including domestication of cattle, pig and fowl. Cultivation of paddy is carried out by both sexes. Weaving and livestock rearing gives a good income to the family.

The Aimols show maximum number of mesocephalic in both sexes, medium nose with upward septum, high bridge of medium texture, dark brown skin. In case of eye fold, the highest percentage is found at internal fold in both sexes.

In these patriarchal and patronymic feature society, monogamy is common form of marriage. However, Matriforal families could also be found. After marriage the young couple live at the residence of the parents of the boy. The tribe is divided into 5 clans which are further sub-divided into sub-clans. The clans are:
1. Chongom (with 3 sub-clans)
2. Laita (3 sub-clans)
3. Lanu (4 sub-clans)
4. Chaithu (no sub-clan) and
5. Chongthu (2 sub-clans).

The Aimol clans possess totems of their own which is associated to their ancestry. They are regarded and prayed as the gods of the clans. For instance, the god of Chongom is called Jakapsharipanineng. It is believed to be a snake like form and dwells in water.

A goat or a hen is sacrificed at the time of worship. The clans are exogamous and so also the sub clans. That is, a person should find his or her spouse in other clans or sub-clans than his or her clan. However, nowadays, intermarriage among sub-clans of a clan is becoming frequent with or even without a fine.

The indigenous mode of political organization of a village centers around the council known as Pasakaret subordinated by another association. Parakaret consists of eight councilors of which the head is Tamsakoi. The subordinate council i.e. Thoukanai also consist of the same number of post. Except the Tamsakoi is the hereditary post.

For other posts, recruitment is on the line of promotion. Tamsakoi remains the exclusive right for the eldest Chongom clan member. Recently, village authorities, after effecting the village authority (in Hill areas) Act 1956, have been empowered to settle minor cases. Trial is conducted after lodging a complaint with a fee.

It was one 'bel' of 'yu' in the past times which has been substituted by a sum of Rupees 1 (one). Punishment is given by the court and may include imposition of fine, confiscation of belongings and ex-communication. For bringing forth justice they employ oath and ordeal.

The Aimols of present generation have adopted Christianity as their religion. It was introduced to them some seventy (70) years ago. Prior to this new religion, they were animistic and believed in many deities and spirits. They believed in the existence of the village deity (Kho-Pathicen) and the house deity (In-Pathian).

They worshipped Sailing and Bonglei, protector of village; Chahou, Pathian of agriculture and paddy; Miso for prosperity and peace. Arkun Pathian ot the goddess of Human fertility is worshipped particularly by pregnant women.

To wand off diseases and for curing illness, Randoi and Song Kot are worshipped with rites. Likewise, success or failure in war and hunting is ascribed to the action of Chuwan Pathian.




Manindra Konsam from Sanathong wrote this article.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • What is Khongjom Battle to Manipuris
  • State Level Boxing C'ship 2017 :: Gallery
  • Lhaijaneng, Lumsing, Phalneilhing :: eMing
  • Destination beyond Manipur..after Class XII
  • International Yoga Day #2 :: Gallery
  • Agenda of the BJP led Government #1
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Know your test: Vitamin B12
  • Nafisha Ali felicitated
  • Japan keen for development of NE
  • Ban on cow slaughter not acceptable..
  • Study shows greenery loss
  • Manipur Governor praises Maj Gogoi
  • Ngayaising Jagoi : Conquered Mt Everest
  • Shirui Lily Festival, Ukhrul #3 :: Gallery
  • Working Of Panchayats In Manipur #1
  • Media & Contemporary Manipuri Society #3
  • Campus Talk 2.0: Interaction Prog at MU
  • International Biodiversity Day
  • Sendra Park & Resort #1 :: 360 ° View
  • Sibilong & Phaitol rejects Oil Exploration
  • 1st JCRE Alumni Meet
  • Vacancies post in NEC, Shillong
  • Lecturer required at Ajmal College, Hojai
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • The complaint caveat
  • Kanchan Soibam :: eRang Photos
  • Handloom @Temporary Market #2:: Gallery
  • Ahing Ama : Book (short story) review
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #3
  • Oil happy in Manipur
  • Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2017 at Imphal
  • NE students hail Higher Education initiative
  • Forced Displacement of Chin Civilians
  • National Robotic- 'Escalade 6.0' @IIT Ghy
  • Winners take it all : BJP on a roll
  • Opportunity towards progress
  • NEROCA, 2nd Div League winner:: Gallery
  • Thounaojam Loiyangamba :: Gallery
  • Nachom Arts Residency #1 :: Gallery
  • Bombing of a bridge in 1944 during WWII
  • Road side hawker culture in Khwairamband
  • Maharaja Bodhachandra Samadhi :: 360 °
  • Jadhav case: Return to India will need more
  • Admission Counselling in NE, Delhi
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Letting professionals run DIPR
  • Articulating freedom of speech
  • HSE 2017 : Toppers in Science :: Gallery
  • CCpur victims laid to rest :: Gallery
  • Class XII result announced :: Gallery
  • 2nd Startup Weekend Imphal
  • Interdependence is key to #endTB
  • Urban flood effective mgmt strategies #2
  • Public Meet resolves No Oil Exploration
  • UG admission info for Delhi University 2017
  • College Principals' Conference at NEHU
  • Mortal remains of CCpur victims laid to rest
  • Redefining Manipuri Hindu
  • Last rites of CCpur bodies performed
  • Private tuition : Financial burden on parents
  • Nungbi Chaphu - Ukhrul Pottery :: Gallery
  • International Yoga Day #1 :: Gallery
  • New Government, New Hope #2
  • Auditorium of High Court of Manipur :: 360 °
  • Book publishing as a career option
  • Simplifying the pursuit of happiness
  • Shirui festival: Let us not go with words..
  • Count pigeons around you
  • Hill dists : Lagging in Science stream
  • The lesser truth of National media
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Stream
  • Barak Spring Festival @Senapati :: Gallery
  • Incarnations of Goddess Nongthang Leima
  • Ebudhou Thanjing Laishang #1 :: 360 °
  • Media & Contemporary Manipuri Society #2
  • Cleaning up the air we breathe
  • 'Maj Rati Keteki', an author's insight
  • SC notices in Biren son case
  • Army act extended by six months
  • Timely acted, but need to rethink...
  • Lamkang Cultural Day @Chandel :: Gallery
  • Ambassador Of Japan with CM :: Gallery
  • JNIMS Ortho scripts history
  • Indigenous people are ST, so are Meeteis
  • Grooming security experts in admin service
  • Parents are supposed to be cheer leaders ..
  • Applauds CM for Building Peace & Harmony
  • 2 trucks carrying logs seized
  • Japan to invite 25 people from Manipur
  • Bomb blasts rock border town in Manipur
  • Shirui Lily Festival, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • 73rd anniv of Battle of Imphal :: Gallery
  • Nachom Arts : Encouraging Artists
  • Manipur: In the waiting room of justice
  • Cheiraoba Ching Kaba :: 360 ° View
  • Of storms, flying saucers & lazy thoughts
  • Anti-Terrorism day observed
  • Ex-Servicemen Meet organised
  • Managing natural resources
  • Ksh Bhaktakumar- Mr India 2017:: Gallery
  • Tanglei Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Effort To Bridge The Hills And Valley
  • Colloquium: Japanese Culture & Nationalism
  • Meet rejects oil exploration at Khaidem
  • Training on Service Marketing in Healthcare
  • Illegal migrant detection with 1951 cut-off
  • Ghost of 2010 continues to haunt
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji - Actress :: eRang
  • Handloom @Temporary Market #1:: Gallery
  • New Government, New Hope #1
  • Nightmares of event management
  • Big data for big impact
  • Free Counselling & Awareness Program
  • One belt one road
  • Jobs: Counseller for Family Court, Ukhrul
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Total shutdown against blast in Moreh
  • Tribals reject MoU signed- govt, JACAATB
  • Naga Hoho appeals NIA over arrests
  • First visible step to check corruption
  • International Dance Day :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Children Club:: 360 ° View
  • Take smart choice before admissions
  • Love one another ... for living together
  • Shirui Lily Fest off to a grand start
  • On Shirui festival
  • Shirui Lily Fest @Shirui, Ukhrul #1 :: Gallery
  • Civil Service Tennis Tournament :: Gallery
  • Barak(Spring) Festival at Senapati
  • When will India cashless island go cashless
  • The winsomeness of human mind
  • Jobs at NIELIT centers
  • Aadhar Registration & Distribution Program
  • Work starts on Trilateral Highway in Myanmar
  • AI plans NE expansion, to inject more flights
  • People's Day Bridging the gap
  • Reality bite - something seems fishy
  • Meeyamgi Numit hosted by CM :: Gallery
  • Andro AMMA FC : Winner of Doon Cup 2017
  • How great is my mother's love for me
  • Boat House, Kangla :: 360 ° View
  • Pinch of love :: Poem
  • Fingerprint & Iris code for Aadhaar
  • Sharmila solidarity with Africans
  • Trust deficit in Framework Agreement
  • Equality in place of majoritarianism
  • A hope for better Manipur
  • Kangleipak Kang Trophy #3:: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #2 :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai : Festival of Zeliangrong
  • Fishery as an agenda for Barak Festival
  • Supermom :: Poem
  • 2nd Startup Weekend Imphal
  • May Day #2 :: Essay
  • For inclusion of Meitei in ST category
  • Hands that rock the cradle rule the world
  • Film Personalities #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #2
  • High Court of Manipur :: 360 ° View
  • From head-hunters into money-hunters
  • Importance of dialectic in Philosophy
  • Binalakshmi Nepram threatened by Police
  • Cleanliness drive conducted at CCpur
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #1 :: Gallery
  • Bringing TB out of the shadows
  • Women are the salt of the earth
  • Superstition and its side-effects
  • Temples of learning
  • Guidelines of play schools
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the barrier
  • Lai Lamthokpa @Yaiskul #2 :: Gallery
  • MIMS (MU) - ManFete #4 :: Gallery
  • Impact of October Revolution Manipur #2
  • Bir Tikendrajit Park :: 360 °
  • Nurses are heart beat of healthcare
  • Go to the hill districts too
  • Beginning of a new era; but ...
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #1
  • OORJA football Closing ceremony :: Gallery
  • May 10, 1942: first bomb hit Imphal in WW2
  • Manipur killings: Amicus Curiae on Army...
  • A white paper on good governance
  • Butterfly a living parable of resurrection
  • Global Manipuri Mega Photo Contest
  • Inquiry on "School Van accident"
  • Inking an MoU with CCpur JAC
  • Calls for human security
  • Laishram Lalitabi - Actress :: eRang
  • Manipur & Nagaland CMs :: Gallery
  • Cheirao Ching Kaba #1 :: 360 ° Photo
  • MLA - defection politics in Manipur
  • Japan interest to develop Education in NE
  • CM floral tribute to Martyred Jawans
  • More than a 'courtesy call'
  • Development & security matters
  • Thongjao potters adapt to modern reqt
  • Prize Distribution- MU Sports :: Gallery
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #1
  • Imphal Intl Airport : How International?
  • The mystery of nine :: Poem
  • RIST popular talk 29 - Molecular Electronics
  • 122nd rank in the list of cleanliness
  • Consumers' rights
  • Sagol Kangjei Exhibition :: Gallery
  • Musuem, Kangla :: 360 ° photo
  • Landscape of Manipur #6: Wallpaper
  • Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon #1 :: Gallery
  • Arbind Soibam - Emerging Singer :: eRang
  • Traditional Thabal @Pourabi :: Gallery
  • Arambai show #2:: Gallery
  • Shakuhachi meets Pena, Manipur & Japan
  • Laishram Birendrakumar recieve Padmashri
  • 'Nura Pakhang'(Video) @Portugal:: Gallery
  • Mr India 2017- Ksh Bhaktakumar :: Gallery
  • Purul, Senapati :: 360 View Panorama
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #4 : Ooba
  • Nungshiba Khongel @Sylhet :: Gallery
  • Maphou Dam :: 360 View Panorama
  • SPONSORED ADS