TODAY -

E-Pao! Essays - Girls and Gender Discrimination

Girls and Gender Discrimination

By: Loya Maisnam *



"Short-changing girls is not only a matter of gender discrimination; it is bad economics and bad societal policy. Experience has shown, over and over again, that investment in girls' education translate directly and quickly into better nutrition for the hole family, better health care, declining fertility, poverty reduction and better overall economic performance"
Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General

Gender discrimination and patriarchal domination has shown us today a case to be study in a wide range of scope. Many human rights institutes and other forth runner frontal organizations have taken many serious steps towards human dignity, including gender discrimination, for liberty and for human rights violation in the region a long time ago. Though a particular reflections in regarding the gender crisis has not been measured in the region, despite peoples' local voices against the gender humiliation and so on, a wide spread discrimination has already been dominated the contiguous regions of the state. When we discuss the gender discrimination, we could never ignore the root cause of the matter, which is still remained in a negligible status, the girls' right. We all have gone through many known crisis and disputes, and moreover gender discrimination. But we left to focus the discrimination of girl rights, which is the basic case study of the gender discrimination.

We see, everywhere in each corner of the world, girls face discrimination. It is bitter that, they often receive less food than boys do, have less entrée to schooling, and in many countries of the world, works long hours when they are only 5 or 6 years old. It is a growing landmark, eighty million girls aged 6 to 11 do not even go to school. And why can't we see the helpless agony of the girl child around the world. Their ignorance will certainly beget to forget our cause, which is still fractured in the regions. We see, in societies where a male child is regarded as more valuable to the family, girls often are: denied the right of life; denied the right to name and nationality. And by being married off early or forced to stay at home and help in domestic chores, girls are often denied: the right to education and all the advantages that go with it; the right to associate freely; the rights accompanying unjustified deprivation of liberty. These all are the basic humiliation from the family to the girls when boys are regarded as the pillar of tomorrow. Neither they are allowed to go freely nor, they able to associate in the society as male boys do liberally. Only a few highly civilized countries don't face such discrimination extremely.

There are fractions of gender discrimination in the region, which is typically brought by the conflicts and fratricidal wars, ethnic wars and irritant communalism, indeed led the way to gender discrimination. It is not only the elite group or ruling government which are not orderly obeys the laws, neither they takes any alternate initiative for the gender crisis nor, any other institute or organization do. Many dissident groups in the contiguous region are also violating such girl rights internally. In our ethnically disputed regions, society itself is the vital anatomy that has shown how girls are less important than boys. The patriarchal society of the region has allowed the boys or man to be emphasized more than girls important. War, extreme poverty and other deprivations further endanger girls' lives because they may be raped and forced to work in extremely dangerous situations and environments as sex slaves, highly exploited domestic workers, or bonded workers in factories or on farms. These all make a strong case for the extra protection support from the international community to ensure that girls' rights are acknowledged and protected.

Here is the vital statistics cited by the United Nations:

  • Of the more than 110 million children not in school, approximately 60 per cent are girls.

  • By age 18, girls have received an average of 4.4 years less than education than boys.

  • Of the more than 130 million primary-school-age children worldwide who are not enrolled in school, nearly 60 per cent are girls.

  • In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent girls have HIV rates up to five times as high as adolescent boys.

  • Pregnancies and childbirth-related health problems take the lives of nearly 146,000 teenage girls each year.

  • In sub-Saharan Africa, a woman faces a 1 in 13 chance of dying in childbirth. In Western Europe, the risk is 1 in 3,200.

  • At least one in three girls and women worldwide has been beaten or sexually abused in her lifetime.

  • An estimated 450 million adult women in developing countries are stunted, a direct result of malnutrition in early life.

  • Every year, two million girls and women are subjected to female genital mutilation.

The convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), adopted in 1989 and by now ratified by most countries of the world, provide an agenda for action in identifying enduring forms of inequality and discrimination against girls, abolishing practices and traditions detrimental to the fulfillment of their rights and defining an effective strategy to promote and protect those rights. But implementation is necessary to ensure positive changes in the region so far. Other than the CRC, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), ratified by 163 countries, is the most extensive and widely ratified international agreement promoting the rights of girls and women. This convention, while drawing on international human rights treaties, is a separate and distinct convention addressing the rights of women. It clarifies the negative consequences of discrimination and seeks full equality between men and women regardless of marital status, in all fields of political, economic, social and cultural life. States that have ratified the convention must take concrete steps, such as enacting laws, establishing women's rights commissions and creating conditions to ensure that the human rights of girls and women are realized. Their progress is monitored by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. India is also one of the third-world country that is extremely effected the women and girls discrimination, which is infact a hierarchal imposition of patriarchal nation. But, yet to be focus the views more effectively besides, empowering the women and girls in the preceding government. People of the country are proud of being one among the status of super power of the world while, million of people are victimized by the money hunter baseless psycho-political elite group. Millions of people are destitute, millions are orphans, million of children are captivated in factories, thousands of children are performing goon works for a day bread, thousand are pursue to take arms for liberating the occupied territories and still our nation is more and more drawing attention and let flow billions of money in the name of defense and counter insurgency. We see elimination of discrimination against girls and women is far beyond horizon in this generation.

There are four main core principles that define girls' rights. The rights of girls apply equally to all children.

  • Regardless of the background of the child, the parent or the legal guardian, children must not suffer discrimination.

  • Children have a right to life and maximum survival and development in all aspects of their lives.

  • The best interests of the child must be primary consideration in all decisions or actions that affect the child or children as a group.

  • Children have the right to have their views heard and be taken seriously in all matters affecting their lives.

Refining these principles further, countries at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994 agreed to:
  1. Eliminate all forms of discrimination against the girl child and the root causes of son preference, which results in harmful and unethical practices regarding female infanticide and sex selection before birth;
  2. Increase public awareness of the value of the girl child and at the same time strengthen the self-image, self-esteem and status of the girl child;
  3. Improve the welfare of the girl child, especially in regards to health, nutrition and education.

People are less aware that why we need our views to be focus to the girls more than ever. We are in a dying end of the hour, men are much more active many centuries old, than women and girls, their activeness and masculinity has dominated the women and girls in the regions for millennia, and still the consequences and impact is yet facing only by women or girls. We have seen how much women and girls are living in a shameful human dignity when men are actively play a part in everything legitimately though is illogical or irrational in reality. We should not make confuse or ambiguous in discriminating women, no doubt girls faces the same humiliation. We can't self-esteem by enunciating a few women, who took associates in society freely. It is not that, we are living with dignity by remembering the women wars and women's contribution in the regions in fractions, but it is that we are miles to step forward against discrimination against women and girls.

"In instances of sectarian or communal strife or in anti-state movements, the experiences of women are hauntingly similar, durable and dismaying in their repetitiveness. Honour, victory, triumph, revenge are played out on their bodies. Men face violence and humiliation at the hands of the enemy to emerge as heroes and martyrs. Women face violence and humiliation at the hands of the enemy, and then as "objects of shame", outcastes within their homes and communities. This difference in treatment is embedded in the patriarchal ideology of family, community and state" (Nationhood and gender during partition, MWSA, p.124). We should clearly trace down to the articles of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It obviously concluded that "the full and complete development of a country, the welfare of the world and the cause of peace require the maximum participation of women on equal terms with men in all fields"




* Loya Maisnam, a Freelance Journalist with an Imphal based Vernacular Daily (Kangla-Pao) writes regularly for e-pao.net. He can be contacted at donndrangheta@yahoo.co.uk

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #3 : Gallery
  • Xmas shopping @CCpur [Dec 6] : Gallery
  • Irawat and 1939 Women's War
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Cannot end AIDS without combating AMR
  • Power of Pranayama #2
  • Jobs @ Birla Emporiums, Khurai
  • Memo to BOSEM, Manipur
  • Appreciation to Kuki Iron Lady
  • Questions over 'instant justice'
  • Optimist perspectives
  • NE bandh call on Dec 10 against CAB
  • Football: Manipur vs Mandalay #2: Gallery
  • Flower festival at Mao : Gallery
  • #iWill :: Poem
  • H Nageshwar : Expedition to Antarctica
  • Relevance of Nehru today #2
  • Climate Change & Agricultural hurdles
  • The Rat on the Run :: Poem
  • Info from Delhi; Reading ILPS idea
  • Confusing the constitution
  • Finding on Yek of Meitei & Hao #1
  • Miss Kut at Imphal #4: Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • A Girl with Golden Hair :: Poem
  • NEP for Skill India
  • The great cosmic discovery - III
  • Interference by TA & Hills official
  • A one line statement from Amit Shah
  • Insertion of a clause to Peoples' Bill
  • RK Meghen at Imphal [28 Nov] #2: Gallery
  • Midnight drama, hush-hush swearing-in
  • Plight of peasants in the hills #2
  • Jobs @ Kanglei Khoni, Langthabal
  • Drones can be an innovative career
  • Winners @ South Asian Games
  • Winners @ Asian Athletic C'ship
  • Waiting for CBI probe
  • When the savior turns perpetrator
  • Tapta: Jayenta Loukrakpam :: A Profile
  • Destination North East @ Vanarasi : Gallery
  • Winter Book Sales at Manipur University
  • The Vow :: Poem
  • Written assurance is still not tenable
  • Protest against rape of woman vet
  • From 2012 to 2019 no change
  • The 'Trust' factor
  • NSCN (IM) clarifies on 'calendar' issue
  • Centre assures flights betn IMF & Mandalay
  • Sanathong Water Fall, Chandel : Gallery
  • Jangsat, Aton Kharaoba : eMing
  • Facts about Naga insurgency #2
  • CC Meet 2019 : Match Fixture
  • Commemoration Kuki Rebellion 1917-1919
  • Moirangthem Sushilkr : Honorary Doctorate
  • Power of Pranayama #1
  • Khumang: 'Science for Society' Report
  • A fresh look at ST demand
  • Wakching Thana Lakpada #1 :: eRang
  • Football: Manipur Vs Mandalay : Gallery
  • December Calendar for Year 2019 : Tools
  • Why not carve out a future in Chakhao ?
  • Relevance of Nehru today #1
  • The great cosmic discovery - II
  • The Killing Fields 2013-19 : News Timeline
  • Diversion - the age old shrewd game
  • Lamhui amashung Keishal : Funga
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #4: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival: Extended till 2nd Dec
  • 133 months left to make U=U (on HIV)
  • Galaxy Roy & my Sainik memories
  • Need to silence the loud mouth
  • CAB issue raise in Zero Hour
  • RK Meghen at Imphal [28 Nov] #1: Gallery
  • Plight of peasants in the hills #1
  • Nawa Loude :: Poem
  • Awarded, outdated currencies & MCS/MPS
  • Social Unrest in N-E Regions
  • Winter care for beautiful hair
  • No harm but a clause needed: The absurdity
  • A blow to survival
  • Leirum- used in Luhongba : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #2 : Gallery
  • Road safety in Manipur: need to plug gap
  • AAI steps up effort for gender equality
  • Preparing children before diagnostic test
  • Licypriya Kangujam embarks on 5 Nations
  • One Word of Truth :: Poem
  • Riders in the assurance of Amit Shah
  • GK Pillai's way out and today's Manipur
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #5: Gallery
  • Facts on Naga insurgency & its impact #1
  • Binodkumar: public urinal with plastic waste
  • Joining Indian Navy as sailors
  • National Constitution Day observed
  • Condemn incident of molestation in CCpur
  • After a date with Amit Shah
  • Sustaining Evening daily- challenging task
  • Culturals @ Shirui Fest #3: Gallery
  • Banana Festival @ Noney #2 : Gallery
  • Air pollution rise what do common man do
  • Conversation with Prof Rajendra Kshetri
  • 'It is a unique experience to play polo here'
  • The great cosmic discovery - I
  • Make Delhi trip meaningful !
  • Confusing stand; confusing act
  • Manipur Polo International: Opening: Gallery
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #3: Gallery
  • Kalum Kai: House of worship of Zeliangrong
  • Christian virtues
  • Blame it on Farmers for Pollution
  • Title: Square one ? :: Poem
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Radio-tagged Amur falcon flies to Africa
  • Myanmar Air KBZ flight to Imphal: Gallery
  • Alert Rally @ Sagolband : Gallery
  • 50th International Film Festival
  • World Antibiotics Awareness Week (WAAW)
  • CAB : Indians are not foreigners
  • Dissolution of TSA Imphal Branch
  • Anti-corruption crusade at time of CAB
  • Gandhari (Dance Drama) #2 : Gallery
  • Epilogue to Nambul Nostalgia :: Poem
  • Hostile education system in Northeast
  • Stigma and mental illness
  • Paulallungmuan: 12 yr-old at Class X exam
  • 3 from Manipur named Unsung Heroes
  • Raids at Imphal, Aizawl, Gurgaon
  • Make sure that Sangai fest is successful
  • Laonii Festival, Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Khamba Thoibi Museum #2 : Gallery
  • Enigma of Unique Histories
  • When God's people humble
  • The great cosmic discovery - V
  • TB prevention is no longer a choice..
  • Stakeholders to be consulted: Final pact
  • The unresolved crisis
  • IM leaders camping along India-Myanmar
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #3 : Gallery
  • Licypriya- SDG Ambassador Award: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #5: Gallery
  • Whither Pangals ?
  • Licypriya Kangujam: SDG Ambassador
  • Blood Donation Camp at Benguluru
  • The Sun on the Western Horizon :: Poem
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [20 November]
  • Regarding resignation of NPF Youth Wing
  • Rider to be exempted from CAB: ILP
  • Truth, sincerity & commitment ...
  • CAB : Total Shutdown - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • CAB : Sit In Protest - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • Dr Sanajaoba (Dr KS Singh): Reminiscence
  • Career option in technical writing
  • What Mindset does Govt of Manipur have ?
  • 12 Members resigned from NPF
  • Where is the special clause in CAB?
  • Please understand CAB; future is at stake
  • CAB protest - Nov 18 : Gallery
  • Children's Day @CM Bungalow : Gallery
  • Why CAB is being opposed in North East
  • Meeteis' paradox
  • A Vision :: Poem
  • NE development: Lean on regional planning
  • Sand War- deadly war against mother Earth
  • From 'ahead of final pact' to CAB
  • Can Meitei, Naga & Kuki jointly resist CAB?
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #4: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Fish Fair #2: Gallery
  • History - from Obscurity to Visibility ?
  • Manipur State Journalist Awards, 2019
  • Was it a Hindu Day in Assam book season
  • Kerala's multi-layered approach to #endTB
  • Being vegetarian can fight climate change
  • Let the rivers flow uninterrupted
  • Cry of a Dying River : 100 Poems
  • MANITEX & the poor fate of weavers
  • Anecdote, Fable & Refugee Blues : Poem
  • What is pollution doing to your skin
  • Dispensation in Nagaland is rudderless
  • Resistance to CAB may fail
  • Culturals @ Shirui Fest #2: Gallery
  • Gender, Power in South Asia :: Book Rvw
  • Stop Burning of Hay- uplift Rural Economy
  • Disoriented mind :: Poem
  • What is all about a flag ?
  • Cannabis plant : Myths and facts
  • Need to be on guard against rumours
  • Smart city or smart earning...
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Khumang: Conference- Science for Society
  • 7th NE Students Sports Meet at Jalandhar
  • Ningol Chakouba at Pune :: Report
  • Hospitality at One Horn Nation
  • Henjunaha , masculinity redefined
  • World Diabetes Day 2019
  • Tension filled days for over 2 weeks
  • Subdued voice
  • Rani Hingchabi :: Funga Wari
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to Lamcha Chongloi's piece
  • Salt brines : Source of Meitei Thum
  • Hibernating animals and climate variable
  • Combined Defence Services Exam (I) 2020
  • Rare good news : NMA reaching out
  • Forgotten pledge - a reminder
  • Children from Noney #1: Gallery
  • 7 NE entrepreneurs wins National Awards
  • Identity of Pangal in Manipur: Counter-points
  • Recharging the World with Li-ion Battery
  • Achoubi in Love, Bloody Phanek : Southasia
  • When the man is silent :: Poem
  • Chekshin Meepham at Kakching
  • Arrested, released, 'escorted' to Delhi
  • CM has every reason to believe..not public
  • Ema Keithel (Khwairamband) #2: Gallery
  • Argentina hosts Manipur Cup (Polo)
  • Cry of a Dying River - 100 :: Poem
  • Nazareth @ Shirock #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba : A beautiful tradition
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #2 : Gallery
  • Lungpuiga Remei : Natyabhusan
  • World Tourism Day @Noney #5 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Korea : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba & Kut at Korea
  • Ningol Chakkouba by Journalists : Gallery
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View
  • SPONSORED ADS