TODAY -

The concept of Langban Tarpan

Oinam Anand *

Tarpan Katpa tribute to the martyrs of June 18 at Kekrupat, Imphal :: October 01 2012
Tarpan Katpa tribute to the martyrs of June 18 at Kekrupat, Imphal on October 01 2012 :: Pix - Bunti Phurailatpam



An act of charity in the form of offering feast to the Brahmans, Vaisnavas and old men is practised among the Hindu families or more precisely among Meetei Vaisnav families in Manipur. This practice of charity is mostly performed in the observance of the death anniversary of the parents and elders like 'Kumon Phiroi' (first death anniversary) and 'Chahi Gi Din' (annual observation).

At the same time some people observe these forms of charity of feast ('Utsav Katpa' in Manipuri) in the full moon day of the month of their choice taking it as a sacred day. This act of charity in the form of offering feast is undertaken with the spirit of love and sacrifice.

It is believed that by offering food to the Bramhans, Vaisnavs and other elderly men, the soul and spirit of the forefathers are also pleased and protect their children on the earth from difficulties and bless them for their good days in the life ahead.

The followers of Hindu religion believe that the deeds they have done in their present life moulds the form of life to be taken after the present life. Our spirit or soul enters into the body of different living beings according to our deeds in the former life.

Those who embraced the path of 'Punya' (good and noble life) attained salvation and find their eternal place in the abode of God. Even if they are to be born in the earth again, they attain the life of good men and men of excellent qualities in the society.

Those who commit sin in their lives, their lives will be degraded into lower beings from beasts to motionless one's like trees, grass and small living objects.

If one does not perform rites and rituals or meditations and wallowed in the sinful activities in their life time, then they become the little creatures like mosquitos, leeches etc and constantly subject to birth and death to these lower form of life following the divine order 'Be born and die'.

With this faith the follower of Vaisnav religion have taken the second half of the 'Langban' month (Name of Manipuri month that coincides with September) as the days of offering pujahs and feasts arranged specially to please their forefathers who had died long ago.

It is believed that at the beginning of Autumn season, in the month of Langban, the sky is very clear and the length of the days and nights are also equal throughout the Globe. At this season the spirit and souls of the forefathers are very eager to know how their descendents live in the earth.

So the forefathers from 'Pralok' (a place in heaven) leave their abode temporarily and come up to the edge of the earth and remained mixed in the air. They look down upon the earth to see whether there are worthy sons and grandsons in their family who are virtuous, good hearted, patriots and worthy son of the society.

When those invitees in the 'Tarpan Utsav' in the form of Brahman, Vaisnav and old man are fed to their stomach's content, the soul of the forefathers are also pleased.

Then they shower blessings on their children for their good and prosperous life in future. Those souls for whom their were no offerings from their children felt humiliated and go back cursing their descendents on the earth.

As mentioned above, in our cycle of life and death, there are both 'good' and 'bad' characters in every family who had lived and died ages before and had taken different forms of lives from godly man to small insects. How and in what form do they receive the offering in the form of 'Tarpan' from their sons.

omenfolk offering their prayers at Kekrupat on the occasion of Tarpon Katpa at Imphal, Sept 27, 2007
omenfolk offering their prayers at Kekrupat on the occasion of Tarpon Katpa at Imphal, Sept 27, 2007



The 'Puran' has explained in this way. Those who are born in the form of God receive the offering of their sons and grandsons in the form of 'Amrit' (a heavenly food). Those who are born in the clan of demons receive them in the form of 'Bhog' (a form of food for them).

Those who had taken the form of herbivorous animals receive the offerings in the form of fodders and grasses, those who had taken the form of carnivorous family got these offerings in the form of meat, those born in the family of birds receive the offering in the form of corns, fruits etc. So the offerings of the sons and grandson in the 'Tarpan' reach the forefathers in any form that is suitable for their form of life.

Generally in Manipur only two ways of offering 'Tarpan' is followed. The first one is 'Abbyuadayik Shradha'. This is the grand form of Tarpan in which there is a need of reciting the exact names of at least seven of the grand fathers and grandmothers both from paternal and maternal side and it is usually associated with grand feast and 'sankritans'.

The another one is 'Ram Tarpan' in which any son can perform in his home in a pond with some flowers, some tulsi leaves, fruits etc with a religious incantation from the 'slokas' of Vedas.

In modern society, this belief in 'Tarpan' has got lesser takers. The argument in their favour is that there is no reason to believe that our offerings have reached the hands of our fore fathers who had died long ago. And modern theory of life negates the theory of life after death or reincarnation.

The saying of 'Vedas' may be true or may not be true. There is no practical proof to prove the possibility or impossibility of the beliefs in our mind. Those who believe, take it. Those who don't want, don't take it.

But the fact is that when we make some offerings and sacrifice a bit of our earnings to the society then, there is contentment and solace in our mind.

When we remember the hardship faced by our parents in bringing us up, there is no amount or valuable thing in the world which we can pay back what we owe from our parents.

One cannot see the real picture and form of God but one definitely see the real God in the body of father and mother. They are God to us when they were alive, they still are God even they had gone into another world.

So offering a simple thing as simple as can be in the form of a spoonful of water, a leaf of Tulsi with pure and sincerity in heart has more than a large feast offered by the rich cunningly in showy manner.


* Oinam Anand writes regularly for The Sangai Express.
This article was webcasted on October 01, 2007.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Mera Wayungba #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @Pune : Gallery
  • State Level Basketball : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest : Program Schedule BOAT
  • Sangai Fest : Lamboi Khonangkhong
  • Sangai Fest : Hapta Kangjeibung
  • Sangai Fest : Keibul Lamjao
  • Sangai Fest : Shumang Lila
  • Godhra- Journey of a PM :: Review
  • Combating drug abuse in Manipur
  • Ningol Chakkouba celebrated at Pune
  • Glamour at 55th Naga's Meet 2018, Delhi
  • Myanmarese greeted at Khudengthabi
  • Rejoinder to PRO IGAR(s) statement
  • Quami Ekta Divas
  • Subsuming a smaller tribe
  • Kwatha Festival #2 : Gallery
  • ChingTam Ningol Chakouba @Goa: Gallery
  • Thoudam Kaoba :: Profile of Polo Player
  • The festival of the Inpui Nagas
  • IGAR (s) celebrates Ningol Chakkouba
  • Muslim Org met with Union Minority Minister
  • Thadou Students' condemns Assam Rifles
  • AR condemns the claims of TSA
  • Maintaining traffic regulation is important ..
  • Pony preservation still remains a far cry
  • Hazari/Tombi Polo Tournament : Gallery
  • X-Jam 2018 (Sports) #1 : Gallery
  • Ashok Veilou (Purul) award in Kolkata fest
  • Sanamahism was threat to Hinduism
  • Digital Impact on HR Practice : Review
  • Biodiversity for economic development #1
  • The Visitor :: Poem
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Yoilumba, Chiranglen, Chingjaroi :: eMing
  • Pukning Pothasang: Women Mental Health
  • Scaramouche, Fandango, Galileo, Figaro..
  • A cry for survival: an appeal for unity
  • Who will answer our questions ?
  • Seminar : Challenges in Local Self Govt
  • Tourism and Sangai Festival
  • New leader at MSCW
  • Laija (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Dubai #2 : Gallery
  • Countdown to Manipur Polo International
  • Education for 21st century jobs
  • The corrupt tiger
  • Can you stop falling rain :: Poem
  • Scholars translate celebrated Nepali..
  • Of harassment at Imphal-Moreh Route
  • Need for a strong Opposition
  • Lamklai Kummoi Maring Fest #2: Gallery
  • National School Games- Fencing: Gallery
  • We want the ring...
  • The Queen's Heart :: Poem
  • Education of heart: Heart of Education
  • Mao - The Revolutionary
  • Discussion on India-Vietnam Relation
  • Sangai of the Sangai festival
  • Jarnail in his element
  • Tough road awaits Sarita in World Boxing
  • ACAUT says NNPGs unable to rein..
  • State has no say in ILP - Conrad
  • Ningol Chakouba @ MBC #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Nga Mela #2 : Gallery
  • Rajkumar Jhaljit : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism in Meitei Nation #2
  • Ningol Chakouba :: Poem
  • World Diabetes Day 2018
  • Bartending as a career option
  • The unintended windfall
  • Issues before the Parliamentary polls
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #3: Gallery
  • Rock Show at X-Jam 2018 : Gallery
  • Bloody Phanek wins at Signs Festival
  • Gender Equality & Development :: Book
  • I am friend of India for life- Japanese PM
  • 2019 Commonwealth Scholarship in UK
  • 55th Nagas' Meet at New Delhi
  • Black money and the dream-merchants
  • What steps to address traffic chaos ?
  • Govt extends ban on seven Meitei groups
  • It won't be easy for Mary Kom - Nieva
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Mysore #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Dubai #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 54 :: Poem
  • Religious education- Part of our life
  • Free Heart Camp at Kakching Bazar
  • Jobs at Gyan Jyoti Foundation
  • Nothing seems change; everything remains
  • Predatory instinct of man: Targeting 'Manipur'
  • Lihaaz- Classical Music at IIT Guwahati
  • Mera Wayungba #1 : Gallery
  • L Modhuchandra : Young Scientist Award
  • Chavang Kut celebrated in Delhi
  • Temple runs for a pilgrim's journey
  • First day of All India Young Writers' Festival
  • Ningol Chakkouba in era of materials
  • Constitutional breakdown in governance
  • Attacked on Environment Defenders
  • Kut festival @ Chandel : Gallery
  • Mega Marathon Manipur #2 : Gallery
  • Karen people's pursuit for survival..
  • Glamorous Maniac & their new single
  • City bus for high end of society- Why not?
  • Youth Leadership Camp at Yairipok
  • Course in Political Science at NEHU
  • Of Indian Constitution
  • Ningol Chakouba @ MBC #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Nga Mela #1 : Gallery
  • NH7 Weekender @Meghalaya #2 : Gallery
  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism in Meitei Nation #1
  • Old Man in the Winter :: Poem
  • Drawing inspiration from Dave Mustaine
  • Condemns attack on Agnes Kharshiing
  • NEUFC Fan Park celebrates
  • Achievement lists of PDA is 'Boring'
  • MPP : Down but not out
  • Ningol - mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Kwatha Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba: Biggest fest of Manipuri
  • Mizoram Under the British Rule :: Book
  • Dr. Udit Raj: a Crusader
  • Undisclosed #MeToo campaign in Manipur?
  • Drought :: Poem
  • When Money matters, sincerity is out..
  • Detaining two more at Jiribam
  • Ningol Chakkouba : Flash Presentation
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #1: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Those Sparks and Sounds
  • Manipur from Independence to Merger #2
  • Understanding RSS :: Book Review
  • Cry of a Dying River - 53 :: Poem
  • A take on Freedom of Media
  • Pay of private school teachers
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #2: Gallery
  • Art Festival @ Imphal : Gallery
  • 26 month left to meet AIDS 90-90-90 target
  • Tengnoumanbi- Essential food item ..
  • Dr Abdul Kalam vision of transforming India
  • A Wintry Landscape :: Poem
  • 'Say no to Lead Paints'
  • Completing bigger task
  • Biomedical wastes: Health, ecology at stake
  • NIA files chargesheet against 5 NSCN (K)
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Kolkata : Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #3: Gallery
  • Irony of idea of communal harmony
  • Blood Donation at RGU, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Career opportunities in Ecology #2
  • Down the Country Road :: Poem
  • Change of season: Prepare for winter
  • Govt forgotten promises to improve traffic
  • ATC demand: Setback to pluralistic Manipur
  • Mega Marathon Manipur #1 : Gallery
  • Descent & inheritance among Zeliangrong
  • Constituent Assembly Of India & NEFA #3
  • Seminar : Reforming Teaching-Learning
  • Attitude :: Poem
  • Tourism: A key sector in the world
  • NH7 Weekender Meghalaya : Day 2 Report
  • Early solution in Manipur difficult : Army
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • NH7 Weekender @Meghalaya #1 : Gallery
  • Pukning Pothasang: Suicide prevention
  • Where have all the flowers gone? Khurkhul
  • Engaging Failed State :: Book Review
  • eNorth East Award 2018
  • Song of a Tree :: Poem
  • NH7 Weekender 2018 Kicks Off
  • Unsolved case of Pravish Chanam
  • Imphal Jamboree : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Manipur from Independence to Merger #1
  • A beacon of hope
  • Mishing tribe of Assam
  • Ransomware that made the world cry
  • State Level Painting Competition
  • A suggestion for a strong democracy
  • Issues before Parliamentary polls
  • Kut Festival @ Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • HIV : Gap between research & impact
  • My Tryst With Manipur : A Memoir :: Review
  • Cultural heritage (Kut fete)
  • Bleeding inside Brain treated at SKY
  • Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Meet
  • In Her Arms Of Death :: Poem
  • Pravish Chanam : No Action by CBI
  • Assam Don Bosco : University of the Year
  • NH7 Weekender 2018 in Meghalaya
  • Media that criticize are not your enemy, CM
  • MU limping back to normalcy
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #1: Gallery
  • Happy Kut Wishes :: Flash Presentation
  • November Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Weavers training for Mamit , Mizoram
  • Diwali Lagao : Mapugidi Munda
  • Career opportunities in Ecology
  • Jobs at Trueblue, Taxi Service, Imphal
  • CM should not let this opportunity out..
  • Where will Oct 31, 2018 stand ?
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #2: Gallery
  • Kut Festival :: Series of Articles
  • Comedian Huirem Manglem passed away
  • Constituent Assembly Of India & NEFA #2
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Chalwa Village in Kangpokpi #3 : Gallery
  • NEROCA Vs East Bengal : Gallery
  • Fashion Show: Lamklai Kummoi: Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #1: Gallery
  • Sanjenbam Bhanumati Devi : Kavyabhusan
  • Eepan Thaba #1: Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #3
  • Narmada Sougaijam - Natl Konkan Award
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba : Unity - hill & valley
  • Khong: significance in Zeliangrong culture-1
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Floral Tribute #2: Gallery
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #2 : Gallery
  • Pari Imom (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #3 : Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba #3 : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural evening : Gallery
  • Tarpon Sonba : Gallery
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS