TODAY -

The concept of Langban Tarpan

Oinam Anand *

Tarpan Katpa tribute to the martyrs of June 18 at Kekrupat, Imphal :: October 01 2012
Tarpan Katpa tribute to the martyrs of June 18 at Kekrupat, Imphal on October 01 2012 :: Pix - Bunti Phurailatpam



An act of charity in the form of offering feast to the Brahmans, Vaisnavas and old men is practised among the Hindu families or more precisely among Meetei Vaisnav families in Manipur. This practice of charity is mostly performed in the observance of the death anniversary of the parents and elders like 'Kumon Phiroi' (first death anniversary) and 'Chahi Gi Din' (annual observation).

At the same time some people observe these forms of charity of feast ('Utsav Katpa' in Manipuri) in the full moon day of the month of their choice taking it as a sacred day. This act of charity in the form of offering feast is undertaken with the spirit of love and sacrifice.

It is believed that by offering food to the Bramhans, Vaisnavs and other elderly men, the soul and spirit of the forefathers are also pleased and protect their children on the earth from difficulties and bless them for their good days in the life ahead.

The followers of Hindu religion believe that the deeds they have done in their present life moulds the form of life to be taken after the present life. Our spirit or soul enters into the body of different living beings according to our deeds in the former life.

Those who embraced the path of 'Punya' (good and noble life) attained salvation and find their eternal place in the abode of God. Even if they are to be born in the earth again, they attain the life of good men and men of excellent qualities in the society.

Those who commit sin in their lives, their lives will be degraded into lower beings from beasts to motionless one's like trees, grass and small living objects.

If one does not perform rites and rituals or meditations and wallowed in the sinful activities in their life time, then they become the little creatures like mosquitos, leeches etc and constantly subject to birth and death to these lower form of life following the divine order 'Be born and die'.

With this faith the follower of Vaisnav religion have taken the second half of the 'Langban' month (Name of Manipuri month that coincides with September) as the days of offering pujahs and feasts arranged specially to please their forefathers who had died long ago.

It is believed that at the beginning of Autumn season, in the month of Langban, the sky is very clear and the length of the days and nights are also equal throughout the Globe. At this season the spirit and souls of the forefathers are very eager to know how their descendents live in the earth.

So the forefathers from 'Pralok' (a place in heaven) leave their abode temporarily and come up to the edge of the earth and remained mixed in the air. They look down upon the earth to see whether there are worthy sons and grandsons in their family who are virtuous, good hearted, patriots and worthy son of the society.

When those invitees in the 'Tarpan Utsav' in the form of Brahman, Vaisnav and old man are fed to their stomach's content, the soul of the forefathers are also pleased.

Then they shower blessings on their children for their good and prosperous life in future. Those souls for whom their were no offerings from their children felt humiliated and go back cursing their descendents on the earth.

As mentioned above, in our cycle of life and death, there are both 'good' and 'bad' characters in every family who had lived and died ages before and had taken different forms of lives from godly man to small insects. How and in what form do they receive the offering in the form of 'Tarpan' from their sons.

omenfolk offering their prayers at Kekrupat on the occasion of Tarpon Katpa at Imphal, Sept 27, 2007
omenfolk offering their prayers at Kekrupat on the occasion of Tarpon Katpa at Imphal, Sept 27, 2007



The 'Puran' has explained in this way. Those who are born in the form of God receive the offering of their sons and grandsons in the form of 'Amrit' (a heavenly food). Those who are born in the clan of demons receive them in the form of 'Bhog' (a form of food for them).

Those who had taken the form of herbivorous animals receive the offerings in the form of fodders and grasses, those who had taken the form of carnivorous family got these offerings in the form of meat, those born in the family of birds receive the offering in the form of corns, fruits etc. So the offerings of the sons and grandson in the 'Tarpan' reach the forefathers in any form that is suitable for their form of life.

Generally in Manipur only two ways of offering 'Tarpan' is followed. The first one is 'Abbyuadayik Shradha'. This is the grand form of Tarpan in which there is a need of reciting the exact names of at least seven of the grand fathers and grandmothers both from paternal and maternal side and it is usually associated with grand feast and 'sankritans'.

The another one is 'Ram Tarpan' in which any son can perform in his home in a pond with some flowers, some tulsi leaves, fruits etc with a religious incantation from the 'slokas' of Vedas.

In modern society, this belief in 'Tarpan' has got lesser takers. The argument in their favour is that there is no reason to believe that our offerings have reached the hands of our fore fathers who had died long ago. And modern theory of life negates the theory of life after death or reincarnation.

The saying of 'Vedas' may be true or may not be true. There is no practical proof to prove the possibility or impossibility of the beliefs in our mind. Those who believe, take it. Those who don't want, don't take it.

But the fact is that when we make some offerings and sacrifice a bit of our earnings to the society then, there is contentment and solace in our mind.

When we remember the hardship faced by our parents in bringing us up, there is no amount or valuable thing in the world which we can pay back what we owe from our parents.

One cannot see the real picture and form of God but one definitely see the real God in the body of father and mother. They are God to us when they were alive, they still are God even they had gone into another world.

So offering a simple thing as simple as can be in the form of a spoonful of water, a leaf of Tulsi with pure and sincerity in heart has more than a large feast offered by the rich cunningly in showy manner.


* Oinam Anand writes regularly for The Sangai Express.
This article was webcasted on October 01, 2007.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Mega Marathon Manipur #1 :: Gallery
  • Paominthang, Nengpilhing, Boisang :: eMing
  • Lucifer-X : debut EP 'Project Xtermination'
  • How Asian Charter for Human Rights be..
  • ... trail of fake encounters by Supreme Court
  • Mapithel dam plan: A stare on rationality
  • Cry of a Dying River - 2 :: Poem
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Include Meiteis in ST list demand
  • Of rationality & keeping the promises
  • Wabgai Keithel :: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #4 :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #4 :: Gallery
  • Irawat the Legend #1
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #2
  • Jiri-Tupul-Imphal rail & bullet train
  • 'Warepnaba Meepham' of STDCM
  • Demand of Meetei in ST : Delhi Protest
  • Demands probe into Punjab journo-murder
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Politically motivated creating confusion: ZYF
  • India, Asean car rally in Nov
  • NSCN-IM prays for early solution
  • Since dead man tells no tale....
  • Product @Langbal Keithel #1:: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #3 :: Gallery
  • Written Exam for CDPO postphoned
  • Lamyanba Hijam Irabot :: Read all him..
  • Manipur Assembly Elections 2017 #1
  • Ekai Thabi- Aquatic vegetable cash crop
  • Message to the Meiteis living abroad
  • A Cloud of Dust :: Poem
  • Jobs in IT Cell at C-DAC Silchar
  • Making change to education scenario
  • 107 illegal migrants pushed back
  • Deficit monsoon rains in most of NE
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #1 :eRang
  • AIM, Khabam Vs NEROCA FC :: Gallery
  • Yumnam Yaima : Manipuri Sahitya Parishad
  • Langol Watch Tower #5 :: 360 ° View
  • FIR against fmr CM Ibobi in MDS scam
  • Protest demanding justice for Pravish
  • Killing Of Tripura Journalist
  • Idiotic stand of making Hindi compulsory
  • September and Hijam Irabot
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #2 :: Gallery
  • National Repentance Day :: Gallery
  • Chasing Tidal Waves by Lo! Peninsula
  • Volleyball tournament at Chingai, Ukhrul
  • Condemns murder of Shantanu Bhowmik
  • Condemns scribe's murder in Tripura
  • Deep grief over another assassination
  • Suspicious death of missing youth in Noida
  • Protest outside UP Bhawan in Delhi
  • Bigger threat from Bangla immigrants
  • Of war, wine and women
  • A trip to Moreh #1 :: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #1 :: Gallery
  • Breach of Privilege & Contempt of the House
  • Career option in History
  • Cry of a Dying River - 1 :: Poem
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Condemn provocation against Pangal
  • Meetei Demand Of Scheduled Tribe @ Delhi
  • Resolutions adopted by NPF Central HQs
  • TSA-GHQ calls off agitation
  • Diverting filled cylinders from hills
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #6 : Ooba
  • History of Printing in Manipur
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #1
  • Why Total Knee Replacement is necessary
  • Self-styled godmen and mental darkness
  • The Dawn of Knowledge :: Poem
  • Consideration for Govt on UTLA camp attack
  • Bloody Phanek premiere in South Korea
  • Memo to Satywati College against Hindi
  • NE militant in Myanmar may face problem
  • Putting the limelight on O Ibobi
  • Bamboo - our green treasure
  • Jadonang: Indomitable faith of martyrdom
  • 12th Manipur State League #3:: Gallery
  • Cyberbullying
  • British rule in India: blessing or curse?
  • Candle light for Pravish Chanam at Delhi
  • Concern over Cambodia media crackdown
  • Present crisis a blessing for NPF: MLA
  • Medical Camp at Tokpaching, Chandel
  • High promises, high expectations : BJP Govt
  • Traffic regulation still yet be improved
  • Traditional Ritual @Khurkhul #4 :: Gallery
  • Athokpam Tomchou :: Sahityabhusan
  • Kanglasha & Kangla Fort :: 360 ° View
  • Mapithel Dam: Tumukhong village's sorrow
  • Earthen Pots of Thongjao :: Poem
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • MSL: NISA Vs FC Zalen :: Gallery
  • Fund the Athlete: Support Sumanta Naorem
  • Carbon Sequestration Vs Agroforestry tree
  • PHYNYX changes name & going global
  • NEFIS reaches HM on Pravish death
  • Expecting the expectation
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Ningtham Charei fashion catwalk :: Gallery
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score yrs- D
  • Candle light: Justice for Pravish Chanam
  • Science as a Christian vocation
  • Yesterday Today and Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Early Childhood Education Impact Study
  • Condemn the attitude of Noida Police
  • Protest at Noida SSP's office
  • A Child Cannot Decide Its Parent
  • Notification from COHSEM for Class XI
  • Threat to ban movement of non-local
  • Re-defining Mr. Clean perspectives
  • Hathei Phanit @Sirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Education in Manipur- reform & vision
  • Career option in Political Science
  • A Robe of Love :: Poem
  • Memo to CM regarding dead in Noida
  • Meghalaya edition of NH7 Weekender
  • Away from Imphal centric: Govt-Hills Bhai!
  • Panchayat election matters...
  • Reception for CM at CCPur :: Gallery
  • 239th Heikru Hidongba #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #2
  • R & R anomaly in Mapithel dam
  • Letting go :: Poem
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Warepnaba Meefam Saruk Yabiyu
  • Civil Sectt crawling at snail pace
  • Perplexity trends
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Ningtham Charei :: Fashion Show
  • ISKCON Temple, Imphal #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Remote Villages conditions remain same
  • General Meeting & Social Gathering of EMA
  • Leadership management
  • Karo Sambhav School Program at Tripura
  • Blood Donation Camp at RIMS
  • Another spell of cooking gas shortage
  • Parking paralysis
  • Manipur Univ of Culture #3 :: Gallery
  • Sub Junior Boys Basketball #2 :: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram: NE Excellence Award
  • Manipuri in Proto-Sino-Tibetan Family
  • Lamka: Urban character with rural admin
  • MUTA Colloquium : 3 decades of teaching
  • IIHEd Seminar : The Rohingya Conundrum
  • Inter Village Volley Ball at Chandel
  • Trafficking story from CCpur
  • Local body election matters
  • Pottery Crafts of Manipur #1 :: Gallery
  • Techniche, IIT Guwahati :: Gallery
  • Anger begets hope & constructive action
  • World's oldest Parliamentarian
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco Univ.
  • Times I Live In :: Poem
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Date with Sep 11 : Setting new benchmarks
  • Angaoba Film Scenes #2 :: eRang
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score years- C
  • Flood & Ithai Barrage: A brief reflection
  • Indigenous people must be consulted...
  • When a Star Finally Dies :: Poem
  • Job openings at The Rice Company
  • Lesson need to learn from Gouri Lankesh
  • Sumi Hoho calls on Nagaland CM
  • #NeverStop Guwahati: fitness enthusiasts
  • Protests against Myanmar govt
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 12th Manipur State League #1:: Gallery
  • Tete a tete with the Education Minister
  • Freak and frank job interview
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #1
  • Dichtung und Wahrheit :: Poem
  • Protest: Myanmar for persecuting Rohingya
  • Subroto Football under 14 yrs at Delhi
  • Performance anxiety: and its election again
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #1:: Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba Definition: Bijoy Govinda
  • Shri Shri Govindaji Temple #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Era gone with Rishang Keishing demise
  • International Literacy Day, 2017
  • De-notify Disturbed Area tag & repeal AFSPA
  • State level Teacher's Day :: Gallery
  • Half Step Rock signs up PHYNYX, now 'LEN'
  • Day 3 at Techniche IIT Guwahati
  • Condemns murder of Bengaluru journalist
  • Bhoot Ki Thoujal :: Funga Wari
  • 52nd Hunger Marchers' Day #3 :: Gallery
  • Kang Tournament #2 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week #2 :: Gallery
  • Id-ul-Zuha @ Hatta, Minuthong :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #3 :: Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang day :: Gallery
  • Xth Pineapple Fest @CCpur :: Gallery
  • Ige KNliye kabita Ama :: Seireng
  • State bids adieu to Rishang :: Gallery
  • Rishang Keishing : A profile
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Nungbi Khullen, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • SPONSORED ADS