TODAY -

Threat to Manipur Fishes

By Triveni Waikhom *




Map: courtesy - IUCN



Manipuris relish eating fish. Dr Sunderlal Hora in 1921 remarked Manipuris to be very intelligent people as they did not even waste the viscera (belly contents) of fishes, which is known to contain essential oils and vitamins.

Apart from fish being an excellent food for humans, it has immense value to the naturalists and to the home aquarists. Diminutive fishes having more of bony consistency, but having attractive colouration have often been overlooked as they have little food value. However, such fishes find a good place in the aquarium trade and traders have been hunting for these in the tropical countries.

Manipur, drained by the headwaters of the two important drainages - the Barak and the Chindwin, respectively in the west and the east is the home for several native hill stream fishes.

The cobotids (sareng khoibi, ngakijou), nemacheilines (ngatup), danionins (zebra fishes), torrent cat fishes (ngapang, ngarang, etc) are highly priced aquarium fishes. These rich natural resources have been lying unnoticed to the people for the last many years. These could be captivated and artificially propagated and sustainably utilised in ornamental fish trade.

IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) concluded its assessment and evaluation of the threat criteria of fishes of the Eastern Himalaya. Its report, published in December, 2010 shows Manipur and parts of Chin Hills of Myanmar to have the highest degree of threat to the fishes.

The assessment was based on the available informations on the population, geographical range of distribution, threats etc. The threats are:

  • pollution,
  • species invasion,
  • over-exploitation,
  • habitat loss and
  • flow modification


There have been great habitat losses to the fishes due to sand and gravel mining for construction, siltation, etc. Use of poisons (plant & chemical), dynamites in the hill stream are in practice.

Introduction of alien species, viz, Tilapia, Common Carp, etc have caused competition with the native fishes. Since the commissioning of the Loktak hydroelectric project in the natural water flow in the lake.

In fact, the Loktak has become a huge reservoir rather than a natural lake. More of such flow modifications may come up. More than 500 species of fishes of the Eastern Himalaya have been assessed by IUCN.

Fifteen species are categorised as Endangered. Alarmingly, seven species occur in Manipur.

They are:
  • Schistura kangju-pkhulensis,
  • Schistura minutus (both Ngatup),
  • Badis tuivaiei (Ching Ukabi) and
  • Pterocryptus barakensis (Ching Ngakra) from the Barak basin and
  • Schistura reticulata (Ngatup),
  • Puntius manipurensis (Ngakha Meingangbi) and
  • Psilorhynchus microphthalmus (Nunga-macha) from the Chindwin basins.


Fish Photo: courtesy - Department of Life Sciences, Manipur University



With human civilization and developmental activities, the freshwater ecosystem is under severe threat. While the inventory of freshwater organisms is in the survey state, many have already been subjected to threat and extinction. It is time (better late than never) we recognise our dependency to the environment and to all the species and try to conserve them for a better tomorrow.

ENDANGERED FISHES OF MANIPUR

  • Badis tuivaiei,
  • Psilorhynchus microphthalmus,
  • Pterocryptis barakensis,
  • Puntius manipurensis,
  • Schistura reticulata,
  • Schistura kangjupkhulensis,
  • Schstura minutus




* Triveni Waikhom wrote this article for The Sangai Express . The writer is a student of Christ University, Bangalore
This article was webcasted on May 04, 2011.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #3
  • Zasigi coIroL :: Seireng
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #3: Gallery
  • Overboard 2018: Skateboarding competition
  • Palliative care as career option
  • Importance of health screenings for women
  • Intimidating media: Think before you lift
  • ST demand for Meiteis hotting up
  • Rajkumar Singhajit : Tagore Award 2014
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • CAB: Khwairamband [10 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Tribes India [Exhibition] #3 : Gallery
  • 'The Wishess' wins 1st NE Multimedia
  • Why Manipur is a self-alienated society ?
  • Antibiotic mismanagement- sleeping bomb
  • Rejoinder to NDPP :: NPF
  • The unwanted season for no good reason
  • 8 in the race for Cong ticket in Inner PC
  • Mukna - Indigenous Games : Gallery
  • Internet shutdown- only solution for govt ?
  • Keisham Priyokumar's short stories? #2
  • Revive Tabanglong Village
  • Without a Womb :: Poem
  • RPL trainees of Ziro, Arunachal Pradesh
  • CAB award goes to CM ?
  • Demand release of Student Leader
  • Veewom's arrest: mockery of rule of law
  • Arduino & Raspberry-Pi workshop at ADBU
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #1: Gallery
  • Republic Day - Tableaux : Gallery
  • Marriage : Zeliangrongs & Tais #1
  • My Story :: Poem
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Quest for Federalism in Myanmar : Paper
  • Gatekeeper's management mantra
  • From Democracy to Dictatorial govt
  • Fresh twist to Citizenship Bill
  • Dzukou Valley, Senapati : Gallery
  • Chiraikangja, Apaibi :: eMing
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Rules of the Road at Silicon Valley
  • What is a school meant for ?
  • Why meiteis should not be ST #3
  • Release Thokchom Veewom - II
  • Release Thokchom Veewom - I
  • Face scrubs to avoid dirt & dullness
  • SM4E Awards 2019 : Nomination open
  • After effect of CAB collapse
  • Need to look beyond CAB
  • Panel seeks support to save NH
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #2 : eRang
  • Exam Centre allocation for HSLC 2019
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #2 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 65 :: Poem
  • DIPR facts on Census confuse Pangals
  • Manipur Tourism: Global Mice Congress
  • Coping up with examination stresses
  • On Govt inability to present CAB
  • Breather for the North East
  • Henjunaha #2 :: Funga Wari
  • Sangai Chef: Season 1 : Gallery
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni -Naga Seed Sowing Fest
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Different opinions on CAB 2016
  • Change of B Voc Examination Schedule
  • Nagaland MP will vote against CAB
  • Overshadowing issues by CAB
  • RS adjourned till February 13
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • CAB: Blockade [7 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Keisham Priyokumar's short stories? #1
  • Just a beautiful lie :: Poem
  • World Wetlands Day 2019
  • Protests against Union HRD Ministry
  • 'PDA trying to confuse Naga people'
  • The 'ban' of Internet
  • Setting date with February 12, 2019
  • NSCN (I-M) elects new leaders
  • Scientific Knowledge in Manuscript
  • Poppy destruction @CCpur : Gallery
  • Kishorechand Wangkhem's case
  • 70th Indian Republic Day #3 : Gallery
  • Hinduism and Indianess
  • CAB: Maharaj & Xenophobia :: WJ
  • Deciphering a laboratory test report
  • Stop discrimination against women
  • The falls of protracted leader
  • More than hinting CAB will be tabled
  • CAB: Khwairamband [10 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai @Majorkhul #2 : Gallery
  • Human trafficking at Moreh
  • Why meiteis should not be ST #2
  • The Dark Light :: Poem
  • Exclusion of Pvt Teachers from HSLC
  • Pan Meetei met Ex Dy CM
  • NSS special camp 2019 concluded
  • NE to Bangkok flight from March
  • CAB: Khwairamband [9 Feb] : Gallery
  • Thamoise Foidattuna :: e-pao Radio
  • CAB Meira Rally #4 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • Prof T Kameshwar: Reminiscence
  • Bamboo Cooking Competition: Final Day
  • Tips for healthier skin this winter
  • Sincerity matters
  • Awaiting final pact with NSCN (IM)
  • CAB: Blockade [7 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #1 : Gallery
  • The panic radiated at War-Torn PAD
  • NE- Socio-Economic Development: Book
  • CAB- Consequences in Manipur
  • [ST] Demand for Constitutional Safeguard
  • 'ArP to observe Black Day during PM visit'
  • CAB date with RS on Feb 12 ?
  • Check Post (ICP) @ Moreh : Gallery
  • Tribes India [Exhibition] #2 : Gallery
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #4
  • It's a privilege to be a Rongmei
  • A Saviour Of My Own :: Poem
  • North East Startup Summit 2019
  • Budget : Full, half or quarter ?
  • BJP shows no concern for NE states
  • Mission schools under threat again
  • CAB : Blockade @Tiddim [6 Feb] : Gallery
  • Dolaithabi Barrage: Concealing Facts
  • 70th Indian Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • Marketing Associates @ PiCiDi Systems
  • CAB, Political Parties and Manipur
  • The Novels Of BM Maisnamba #2
  • Employment in non-Govt sectors in Manipur
  • The board exam festival
  • NE voice on CAB: no worry for the BJP
  • Alienating natives & embracing foreigners
  • Henjunaha #1 :: Funga Wari
  • Movement against Citizenship Bill in NE
  • Bamboo Cooking Competition: Day 1 Report
  • Konthoujam Maikel (Painter) :: Profile
  • CAB Meira Rally #3 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • Business as usual will fail on cancer control
  • Citizenship Bill: Thinking with ethics
  • STDCM reasserts Demand for ST
  • Nepal to SE Asia: Trafficking via Moreh
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #2
  • Aribam Syam return Padmashree to Govt
  • Cry of a Dying River - 64 :: Poem
  • Impact of AI and Robotics on Society
  • New MSAD Executive term 2019
  • Rejoinder from Shurhozelie Liezietsu -Feb 3
  • Festival to promote NE trade, tourism
  • Onetwo Okram : Singer- Profile :: eRang
  • CAB : Film Forum Protest : Gallery
  • Cultural: Republic Day #1: Gallery
  • Why Manipuri people oppose CAB? #2
  • Noting anti-CAB stand of NPP, NPF
  • CAB Gen Strike #1 [31 Jan] : Gallery
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #3: Gallery
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #3
  • Truth of Manipur is inherent in nature
  • JRF required at IBSD, Imphal
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3 : Gallery
  • February Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • CAB Meira Rally #2 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • The Novels Of BM Maisnamba #1
  • Screen time, effect on speech & language
  • Trainees Certificate of Lunglei, Mizoram
  • ST: Unfounded fear psychosis being spread
  • CAB Meira Rally #1 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • CAB Protest #1 [29 Jan] : Gallery
  • Fellowship Meet of Maring Naga
  • Legal Awareness for Women leaders
  • Flowers for beauty
  • Opposing ST demand of STDCM
  • Gaan-Ngai @Namthanlong : Gallery
  • Why Manipuri people oppose CAB? #1
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #2
  • Oinam Shilla : Society Development Award
  • MIK (Manipuri in Kolkata) : Gallery
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #2: Gallery
  • Why shouldn't Meitei be included in ST
  • Combing Operation @Hatta : Gallery
  • Laishram Bombayla : Padma Shri Award
  • Maisnam Renuka (Painter) : Profile
  • Thank You Note: Khumukcham Sanjita
  • Gaan-Ngai - festival of Kabui #2
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2 : Gallery
  • Rongmei and Kabui are one
  • Rani Khidir : Kalaritu (Laiyekpa) : Profile
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #1: Gallery
  • Ranjit Ningthouja : Profile of a playwright
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1 : Gallery
  • Dr Thokchom Asha: Teacher Award
  • Purnima Ngangom (Printmaker) :: Profile
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • New Year picnic at Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2018 #6: Gallery
  • Irengbam Bedamani - Actress :: eRang
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS